Word Preamble came from the Latin word
“praeambulus” which means “walking before.”
The preamble is a primarily introductory
statement to the constitution which was set up for guiding fundamental values, principles,
and philosophy on which the constitution is based. When preamble fragmented
into its terminologies, each term signify a big meaning behind which is crucial
to interpret the constitution of a state.
Is preamble is a part of the constitution:
A preamble is a part of the constitution, is
in compatibility between the opinions of the founding fathers of the
constitution. It incumbent standards to investigate and figure out any action
& law of the government to, find whether it’s valid or not. However, three thing is important to keep
1. It is neither
a source of power to legislature nor
a prohibition on the power of the legislature.
2. A preamble
is non-justiciable, that is, its provision cannot be imposed on the courts of law.
3. Preamble can
be amended as per article 368 as it contains the basic elements of the
constitution, the amendment is subject to the condition that it should not
alter the “basic structure” of the Constitution as per as opined by
the Supreme Court of India.
Who drafted preamble:
is based on the objective resolution drafted and passed by Jawahar Lal Nehru in constitution assembly on 13 December 1946. The preamble-page and original pages of Constitution
of India, was embellished by the famous painter of Jabalpur Beohar Rammanohar Sinha who was at Shantiniketan
with Acharya Nandalal Bose in
Preamble is said to be
1. Soul of constitution (By Thakurdas Bhargava)
2. Political horoscope of the constitution (By
3. Identity card of the constitution. (By NA Palkhiwala)
The significance of the
significance of preamble lies in its phrases and its word components that is:
The phrases sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic, republic in the Preamble
advices the nature of the state. The ideals of justice, liberty, equality, fraternity
reflects the aspirations of the Constitution.
Explanation of the
Meaning: The constitution is made by and
for the Indian people and not given to them by any external power and all the
power emerge from the people and the political system will be answerable to the
it signifies the
Nature of Indian state
Secular: the secularism countenances are
anticipate in the Preamble which means there will be no state of their own religion
and freedom of self-knowledge will be unnamed equally to all and the right to freely
practice, proclaim and to follow the religion of their own .
Socialist: “Socialism” as an
economic philosophy, the state owns the means of production and distribution.
India adopted Mixed Economy, where except state, there will be private
production too. Socialism as a social philosophical weight more on the societal
Republic: the republic is an entity in which
the head of state is elected, indirectly or directly, for a fixed tenure. The
President of India is elected by an electoral college for a term of five years.
It will be not on hereditary base and every citizen of India is qualified to
become the President of the country.
Democratic: it signifies that the Government
has its rule from the will of the people. The rulers are elected by the people
and are answerable to them.
Sovereign: India is externally and internally
sovereign – externally free from the control of any foreign power and No
external power can command the government of India.
And internally, in terms of territory,
non- state actors it has a free government which is directly elected by the
people and makes laws that govern the people.
Meaning: It emphases about the aspirations
of Indian State:
justice will be done in terms of all i.e., Politically, Economically and
means “Brotherhood”): fraternity satisfying the integrity and the
unity of the nation and
The dignity of the individual.
opportunity to all will be impartial and people of any status will be
Liberty: all citizens of India have right
to liberty of worship, expression, faith, thought, and belief.
Meaning: It reveals about the acceptance
November 1949 is the enactment date of the Constitution. Article 394 has given
the endorsement date 26th November 1949 to the articles which came into
existence on 26th November 1949. There are most of the articles in
Constitution who endorsed on January 26th, 1950.