With Rome described by Joshua J. Mark as “the most extensive political and social structure in western civilization,” it’s safe to assume how well respected the city was in it’s time, as well as how influential it was. Rome had a powerful government, a lot of money, and endless entertainment for the millions of citizens. When it rose to power, it remained there for hundreds of years. However, as all empires do, Rome inevitably fell. Before Rome fell, it first had to rise to power in the first place. The story of Rome’s creation begins with the sons of Mars, the god of war. The twins names were Romulus and Remus. It’s said that the king of Alba Longa, scared of them stealing his spot on the throne, left them on the edge of the Tiber River to die. Instead, the boys were discovered by a she-wolf who decided she would protect and raise them. When they were grown, they killed the king who tried to kill them, and decided they wanted to found their own city in their name. This proved to be difficult as they got into arguments on where it should start and how it should be built. Soon enough, in 753 B.C., Romulus became irate and murdered his brother, leaving him to build the city his way. He started with a monarchy, him being the king, and naming the city after him. After his rule, many kings followed until there was a switch in government from monarchy to their own unique republic. This change has been speculated to be from an uprise from citizens against the king at the time, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, due to his son having raped a noblewoman by the name of Lucretia. Regardless of how it happened, the power went from the hands on one king to the hands of two consuls, elected by citizens. Taking government and laws very seriously, they had created the Twelve Tables, which are bronze tablets with the laws of Rome engraved into them and set up in the city. This was to ensure citizens knew what crimes would be punished in what form, as it had never been written down in the past. The next step for Rome was to expand its military. After the Gauls burned Rome to the ground in 390 B.C., the military worked on becoming stronger and using improved techniques in battles. After fighting the Punic Wars, Rome gained control of the Italian peninsula, Sicily, the Western Mediterranean, most of Spain, parts of northern Africa, and Macedonia. This caused Rome to grow as both an empire as well as a society.