In this book Christinafirst begins by telling about the three types of witchcraft that are usually referred to.In primitive societies there were two types white witchcraft or the craft of healing and black witchcraft or maleficium.But historians of the sixteenth century had to add a third type which only existed from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century and it has no contemporary equivalent.
It was evolved from by the catholic church, it involved a new thing,the idea of a demonic pact.The witch became a witch by virtue "of a personal arrangement with the Devil who appeared to his potential recruit in some physical form.At this meeting, in return for renunciation of baptism, services on earth and the soul of the witch at death, the Devil promised material advantages and magical powers." (pg 3) Atfirst the thought of witches and witchcraft was just a side note in society, it was there but no one really bothered with it,it was sometimes used when a person was on trial to further their guilt.
It became more greatly used with James VI, from time to time he would use it as a way to get his way in different court proceedings and he was one of the principle agents in keeping them alive.He showed particular zeal in cases that had to do with people he suspected of treason.If they had anything to do with witches whatsoever he would use it as much as he could in their trials. He was very interested in cases having to do with Bothwell (someone he suspected of wanting his thrown).It was rumored that Bothwell and many of his friends were conspiring with witches.
James became very interested in this. "The reasons why he moved so rapidly from a position of indifference to witches before 1590 to that of being the most ardent prosecutor in there trials cannot be stated categorically.The most convincing explanation does seem to be a two-fold one: that he was introduced to demonology and titilla..