William Golding’s literature piece Lord of the Flies provides gives a sharp understanding into human nature.
In the novel, a group of young boys get into a plane crash on an inhabited island during an outbreak of a world war with no adult supervision. On the island in a society and environment where there are no rules or civility set in place the young boy’s human nature becomes visible. In response to a question asked of Sir William Golding, he replied, “The theme is an attempt to trace the defects of society of human nature. The moral is that the shape of a society must depend on the ethical nature of the individual and not on any political system however apparently logical or respectable.” Golding expresses how the defects of human nature influence the societal order using a creative approach.
In the opinion of Golding, the political system cannot be effective without considering the human defects. Golding anticipates that human nature, when unimpeded from the hindrances of society, draws people towards savagery. To prove his argument, Golding presents several flaws in human nature. The use of characterization, symbolism, and character development are various literary devices that Golding uses in Lord of the Flies to illustrate that all humans are inherently evil.