Whether individual may react differently to music due

Whether a person understand the
lyrics affect the influence of music on their emotion?

Music is ubiquitous
in all cultures around the world (Rentfrow, 2012). Music’s impact to well-being of
humans has been well studied and established (Bharucha, Curtis & Paroo,
2006; Chin & Rickard, 2012; Lonsdale & North, 2011; Pereira et al.,
2011; Ransom, 2015; Rentfrow, 2012; Ruud,2013; Saarikallio, 2010). Music has found to be the most enjoyable
experiences (Pereira et al., 2011). Research shows that there are various
reasons why people listen to music (Lonsdale & North, 2011) such as for
relaxation, pass time, emotion regulation (Saarikallio,
2010), etc., in summary, to maintain their
day-to-day psychological balance (Ruud, 2013). Music can also influence a
person’s mood but the relationship is complex (McFerran & Saarikallio,
2014). Different individual may react differently to music due to different
personal musical preference (Chamorro-Premuzic, 2011). Different individual may
show different emotions to the same piece of music (Chamorro-Premuzic, 2011).  Even the same person may have different
reaction to the same piece of music at different times depending on his/her
mood (Rana, Akhtar & North, 2011).

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Today, with the advanced technology,
individuals can access any type of music from different countries around the
world (Greasley & Lamont, 2006). Many studies found that people’s choice of
music closely related to the psychological condition they experienced in their everyday
life (North, 2004; Sloboda,
O’Neill & Ivaldi, 2001). Music reflects the culture of its creator. People
in same culture create music with similar in context (Garfias, 2004). Music is
the product of the history, politics, economics, habits, experience of a
culture (Garfias, 2004). Music of different culture may have different impact
on people of different cultures. However, there are rarely any studies on the
influence of music from different culture on people of different races.

The effect of a piece of music can
also depend on the lyrics, the instruments used, and the rhythm (Douek, 2013).
Music with lyrics played an important role in communicate feeling and emotion
to audience (Ransom, 2015). Yet research on the effect of music with lyrics in
well-being is rare (Ransom, 2015). Lyrics, though often come together with
music, has rarely been studied (Juslin, 2005). Lyrics stimulate the audience’s
imagination and may influence their emotion. The popular American song lyricist,
Yip Harburg, once said, “Words make you think… music makes you feel…but a song
makes you feel thoughts” (Alonso, 2012). In one study, different genres of music
with and without lyrics were played and had participants rate their emotional status
using a 9-point scale. It was noted that lyrics diminished emotional responses to
calm music but magnify emotional responses to sad music (Ali, 2004).

Previous
studies of music mostly focused on the different ways music were used in people’s
daily lives (Lonsdale & North, 2011; North, 2004; Rentfrow, 2012; Sloboda,
O’Neill & Ivaldi, 2001), or relationship between music and emotion (Douek,
2013; McFerran & Saarikallio, 2014; Pereira et al., 2011; Rana, Akhtar
& North, 2011; Saarikallio, 2010). Further, subjects involved were also differed in different
studies, for example some studies focused on specific population such as
children (Wills, 2011) or adolescents (Miranda & Gaudreau, 2011) whereas
some might involve convenience sample of participants (Schäfer, Sedlmeier, Städtler &
Huron, 2013). In addition, cultural background of the participants was rarely taken
into consideration during the research. Given the lack of studies that involved
lyrics and culture, the current study would like to investigate the relationship
between music, lyrics, and impact on the emotion of people from different culture.

It is hypothesised that impact of music with lyrics in
language from a different culture will have different effect to people from another
culture background.

Whether a person understand the
lyrics affect the influence of music on their emotion?

Music is ubiquitous
in all cultures around the world (Rentfrow, 2012). Music’s impact to well-being of
humans has been well studied and established (Bharucha, Curtis & Paroo,
2006; Chin & Rickard, 2012; Lonsdale & North, 2011; Pereira et al.,
2011; Ransom, 2015; Rentfrow, 2012; Ruud,2013; Saarikallio, 2010). Music has found to be the most enjoyable
experiences (Pereira et al., 2011). Research shows that there are various
reasons why people listen to music (Lonsdale & North, 2011) such as for
relaxation, pass time, emotion regulation (Saarikallio,
2010), etc., in summary, to maintain their
day-to-day psychological balance (Ruud, 2013). Music can also influence a
person’s mood but the relationship is complex (McFerran & Saarikallio,
2014). Different individual may react differently to music due to different
personal musical preference (Chamorro-Premuzic, 2011). Different individual may
show different emotions to the same piece of music (Chamorro-Premuzic, 2011).  Even the same person may have different
reaction to the same piece of music at different times depending on his/her
mood (Rana, Akhtar & North, 2011).

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For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Today, with the advanced technology,
individuals can access any type of music from different countries around the
world (Greasley & Lamont, 2006). Many studies found that people’s choice of
music closely related to the psychological condition they experienced in their everyday
life (North, 2004; Sloboda,
O’Neill & Ivaldi, 2001). Music reflects the culture of its creator. People
in same culture create music with similar in context (Garfias, 2004). Music is
the product of the history, politics, economics, habits, experience of a
culture (Garfias, 2004). Music of different culture may have different impact
on people of different cultures. However, there are rarely any studies on the
influence of music from different culture on people of different races.

The effect of a piece of music can
also depend on the lyrics, the instruments used, and the rhythm (Douek, 2013).
Music with lyrics played an important role in communicate feeling and emotion
to audience (Ransom, 2015). Yet research on the effect of music with lyrics in
well-being is rare (Ransom, 2015). Lyrics, though often come together with
music, has rarely been studied (Juslin, 2005). Lyrics stimulate the audience’s
imagination and may influence their emotion. The popular American song lyricist,
Yip Harburg, once said, “Words make you think… music makes you feel…but a song
makes you feel thoughts” (Alonso, 2012). In one study, different genres of music
with and without lyrics were played and had participants rate their emotional status
using a 9-point scale. It was noted that lyrics diminished emotional responses to
calm music but magnify emotional responses to sad music (Ali, 2004).

Previous
studies of music mostly focused on the different ways music were used in people’s
daily lives (Lonsdale & North, 2011; North, 2004; Rentfrow, 2012; Sloboda,
O’Neill & Ivaldi, 2001), or relationship between music and emotion (Douek,
2013; McFerran & Saarikallio, 2014; Pereira et al., 2011; Rana, Akhtar
& North, 2011; Saarikallio, 2010). Further, subjects involved were also differed in different
studies, for example some studies focused on specific population such as
children (Wills, 2011) or adolescents (Miranda & Gaudreau, 2011) whereas
some might involve convenience sample of participants (Schäfer, Sedlmeier, Städtler &
Huron, 2013). In addition, cultural background of the participants was rarely taken
into consideration during the research. Given the lack of studies that involved
lyrics and culture, the current study would like to investigate the relationship
between music, lyrics, and impact on the emotion of people from different culture.

It is hypothesised that impact of music with lyrics in
language from a different culture will have different effect to people from another
culture background.

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