WHATSAPP ADDICTION AMONG YOUTH “Age Group 13 to 25 yrs ”
A STUDY in NEW DELHI India
Mohammad Shuaib Zahoor
It is my privilege to express my sincere gratitude to all those who have helped me directly or indirectly in completion of my project report .
I am pleased to express my deep sens of gratitude to my supervisor Dr Roumi Deb (Additional Director , Amity Institute of Anthropology ) whose support , guidance and valuable suggestions helped me in completion this piece of work effectively and efficiently .
I would like to dedicate this work to my teacher and mentor “Dr D.K Battacharaya” who played a very important role in enhancing my academic skills and emotionally helped me lot to coop up with the problems at every path of my life . I cannot forget to thank Honb’le founder president sir- Amity University (Dr Ashok . K. Chauhan) for providing me such an intellectual world class atmosphere to study in .
I shall be failing in my duty if I do not express my most sincere gratitude to my parents and friends who were always constant source of inspiration to me. Endeavour has been made to make this project error free, yet I apologize for the mistakes.
Today in quickly moving world, we can see change in each minute. Hence life is getting muddled in each stage yet the innovation has made life extremely advantageous. It is advancing on the planet at quick pace and influencing individuals from different ways. Whatsapp is one of the medium of such innovation. Now a days it is turning into a prevalent word among youth, which is as of now accessible in the different electronic things, for example, I-Phone, Android, windows telephone and PC moreover. Whatsapp is a stunning application with the assistance of which we can associate ourselves to the general public and the entire world. It is a viable medium for the stream of data and thoughts. This application is favorable for us from numerous ways which possesses a noteworthy piece of our everyday life. Be that as it may, this application has developed as an imperative medium for person to person communication and sharing of data and thoughts, even it has some hurtful impact on the life of youth. Consequently, it is fundamental to know how it is influencing the life of youth and the general public on the loose.
The present examination is an endeavor to think about the effect of Whatsapp, with reference to youth of New Delhi, India. This investigation has been led upon 50 – 55 respondents (Age group 13-25 yrs) and a questionnaire was utilized as instrument of information gathering. The examination will uncover that whatsapp is a medium of making correspondence less demanding and speedier along these lines by upgrading powerful stream of data, thought sharing and associating individuals less demanding. Inspecting it observationally, it is discovered that whatsapp has additionally a significant negative effect on youth and unfavorably influences their training, conduct and routine lives. It botches up a lot of study time of understudies and riches their spelling abilities and syntactic development of sentences. This application has been observed to be exceptionally addictive, which leaves a follow that ends up hard to control. The effect is powerful to the point that clients surrender their true intrigue, their whole passionate remainder is confined to the application. Their bliss or pity relies upon the answer which they get from different friends or users on the other side of the whatsapp application.
“Addiction refers to the psychological impact on any person- Dr Cox and Rethman (Social media addiction 2011 ; University of Atlanta “.
Addiction as an idea, started in medicinal and behavioral science. It impacts the mental condition of the individual and leaves a blemish on his psychological state and other mental conditions .
Whatsapp is a stage of texting application over the world for Smartphone. It empowers clients to send and get the area, data, Images, video, sound and instant messages continuously to people and gathering of companions at no cost. Whatsapp is a stunning application, and with its assistance we can interface ourselves to the general public and the entire world , it is a successful medium for the stream of data and thoughts. This application is worthwhile for us from numerous ways which involves a noteworthy piece of our everyday life. Be that as it may, this application has developed as an imperative medium for long range informal communication and sharing of data and thoughts, even it has some harmful impact on the life of youth hence , it is fundamental to know how it is influencing the life of youth and the general public everywhere . The present study will uncover that whatsapp is a medium of making correspondence less demanding and quicker along these lines by improving successful stream of data, thought, sharing and interfacing individuals simpler.
The main aim of this study is to understand the impact of whatsapp among youth of New Delhi (age group 13 to 25) , the other target of this examination is to assess the level of positive and negative effect of Whatsapp emissary among youth, in order to do so the method of data collection was Questionnaire survey which consisted of 24 questions on whatsapp usage and psychological intensity with respect to the app , The data collection was done among the youth of New Delhi and the sample size was 50-55 respondents .
In a few studies ,it was discovered that whatsapp has additionally a significant negative effect on youth and antagonistically influences their training, conduct and routine lives. it botches up quite a bit of study time of understudy and crown jewels their spelling abilities and syntactic development of sentences. This application has been observed to be exceedingly addictive, which leaves a follow that ends up hard to control. The effect is powerful to the point that users surrender their certifiable intrigue their whole enthusiastic remainder is confined to the application. The users are not able to control themselves from constantly chatting, replying or sharing of ideas.
Literature Review :
Cox;Rethman(2011) Social media can be characterized as types of electronic correspondence through which client can interface among individuals unreservedly and can share, trade and examine the Information, thoughts, individual message and other substance between each-other, for example, utilizing a sight and sound messages, individual words, pictures, video and sound, and uses online stage just by associating with the Internet.
Dr.Neelamalar;P.Chitra,AnnaUniversity(2009) They directed an investigation to recognize the issues with respect to the youth’s social networking usage and the resultant effect on their social associations. The sample sizewas 100 50 teens 17-19yrs and 50 youths 20-22yrs. The discoveries of the examination incorporate 98 % number of individuals who are the social networking members in which 68% are strangers, 7% are the individuals who have very intimate relations with their online companions (strangers) and 20% are great companions with the virtual outsiders. In this way it is a positive sign that Indian youth are techno-canny and socially dynamic, as well as have social cognizance.
Johnson Yeboah &Georg Dominic Ewur -Takoradi Polytechnic,Ghana (2014) conducted an exploration to discover the Impact of whatsapp (utilization of informal communication) delivery person on scholastic execution of youth, the information was gathered from 550 respondents of an area organizations of Ghana. The outcome shows that whatsapp has negative effect on the investigation of youth. It caused lingering related issue, blunder of spellings and linguistic development of sentences. In this manner it is hard to adjust at the same time the online exercises and scholarly execution with whatsaap.
Karen church and Rodrigo de Oliveira, Munich German (2013) directed telephonic research to investigate those variables which impact the acknowledgment, use and developing prevalence of such MIM application instead of SMS. For this examination, different nations are included including Finland, Norway, Japan, UK and the USA and the finding of the exploration indicates huge effects of this upon the general population of these nations and the purposes behind movement to such MIM applications. The nature and goal of WhatsApp messages have a tendency to be more social, casual and conversational in nature. While SMS is seen more protection saving, more formal and for the most part more solid proof that demonstrates that no innovation is a substitute for this.
An investigation directed by Abdullah J. Sultan in Kuwait finds that the utilization of versatile content informing applications, for example, Blackberry Messenger (BBM) and WhatsApp, has expanded extraordinarily all through the world. Shockingly, this propelled innovation isn’t without issues. Research additionally demonstrated that that BBM and WhatsApp may produce recognizable changes in users lives however may at the same time cause genuine social and individual issues, including dependence on these applications. The consequences of an overview from 552 BBM and WhatsApp purchasers in Kuwait demonstrate that the communication impact of extraversion and social tension is essentially related to purchaser dispositions toward BBM and WhatsApp. Besides, dependence on these applications assumes an interceding part in the analyzed impact.
Ross et. al. (2009) portrayed how the individuals who were high on the attributes of neuroticism were probably going to utilize the Internet/Technology to stay away from dejection. They found that people who were high on neuroticism revealed the most reduced levels of apparent social help.
Dr Gross; Adolescent Internet use (2004) clarified different Psychological and physical issues (lack of sleep, intemperate weariness, diminished safe framework, absence of legitimate exercise, poor individual cleanliness and back or eye strain), social disconnection and absence of genuine social connections, familial (relationship issues with family, disregard of every day tasks and expanded family clashes), scholastic issues (drop in grades, missed classes, decrease in think about propensities) and different issues, for example, digital harassing, sexual stalkers and introduction to obscene materials have all been distinguished as outcomes of inordinate Smartphone utilize. It has been asserted by a few scholastics that intemperate Internet utilize can be neurotic and addictive and that it goes under the more bland name of innovative compulsion.
Kim et al (2002) distinguished that the attributes of balanced people make them not look for social contacts on the Internet. The consequences of the present research are reasonable as far as extraversion and the person’s propensity to put time in social relationship, to encounter constructive feelings and group investment, extravert people as Web clients don’t think about on the web or digital connections as social help.
The preliminary aim of this study is to examine the intensity of the usage of Whatsapp messenger among the youth of New Delhi.
The major objective of this paper is to investigate the way, how whatsapp affects the education, psychology, routine life, family life and expenditure of the youth.
A solid methodology is a spine of research . In the present study , the method for information gathering was questionnaire research , and the information accumulation was done among the youth of New Delhi (Age aggregate 13-25 yrs) . In this investigation , arbitrary inspecting was done among the subjects keeping in mind the end goal to gather the information and select the sample size of 50-55 respondents The questionnaire comprised of 20 – 25 questions in view of the utilization and effect of whatsapp on the way of life of youth . The questionnaire likewise comprised of a few inquiries which concentrated on the individual and family related issues due to the use of the whatsapp messenger . The last inquiries of the questionnaire where open ended whereby the point was to comprehend the brain research and along these lines gather the criticism of every respondent on the use of whtsapp envoy in one way or other.
The data collection was done among the youth of New delhi (Age assemble 13 to 25 yrs). The information of present investigation was gathered with the assistance of questionnaire comprising 20-25 questions, The inquiries feature the force of the use of whatapp messenger , problems associated with whatsapp , personal and family issues in contrast to the use of whatsapp messenger , Impact of whatsapp on the psychology of youth , impacts of whatsapp on the education of youth in New Delhi .
Results and Discussion :
Table 1. demographic profile of respondents and Usage of whatsapp Messenger
Demographic Details of Respondents Frequency Percentage
Above 22 01
Table 1 portrays the statistic profile of respondents , add up to 50 respondents where focused for the procedure of information gathering out of which 54% where recorded as Males and 46% are females . 02% respondents belongs to the age group 13-15 yrs , 06% respondents falls under 16-18 yrs , 56% respondents under 19 – 21 yrs and 36% respondents where recorded as above 22 yrs of age .
This table additionally centers around the educational qualification of the respondents whereby it was noted that 04% where secondary school students , 02% belong to higher secondary , 38% respondents where undergraduate , 24% individuals where post graduate and 32% of respondents selected the option “Others” in educational qualification .
In the wake of investigating the information , it was discovered that 98% respondents where dynamic and utilizing whatsapp application while just 02% respondents where dormant or where not utilizing the said application on their respective mobile phones .
Parameters Frequency Percentage
Both family and friends
Any other 16
Affected by features (DP, status, blue tick) yes
Hampers personal and professional life
Re-read old conversations
Check last seen and profile regularly 38 76%
Get irritated if someone hides last seen 23 46%
Yell if someone bothers while using it whatsapp 26 52%
Family members complain
Affects academic level
Affects sleeping time
Uninstall whatsapp when frustrated
Affect mood and behavior
Gets irritated if someone replies late
Get conscious about status and DP
Feel disrespected if someone leaves in middle of chat 29 58%
Get worried if someone doesn’t reply
Affects patience level
Life would be boring without whatsapp
Parameters Frequency Percentage
Usage of whatsapp must be limited to specific age group
10 to 12 years
13 to 15 years
16 to 18 years
No specific age
Time spend on whatsapp:
0 to 1hour
2 to 4 hours
5 to 7 hours 8 to 10 hours 11 to 13 hours No specific time limit
Whatsapp impacts lifestyle
Table 2 centers around the parameters asked to every respondent , after data analysis it was discovered that 32% individuals used to chat with their friends , 66% respondents answered that they chat with both friends and family and 02% respondents picked some other alternative in the separate field. 68% respondents used to get affected by the features like (DP, status, blue tick) on whatsapp messenger . 62% people addressed that whatsapp hampers their own life , 68% respondents re-read more seasoned discussions (older conversations) , 76% respondents checks last seen and profile of their contacts regularly , 46% of the respondents gets irritated if someone hides the last seen on whatapp , 52 % respondents yells on their contacts if they bothers them on whatsapp messenger .
As per the information , 60% respondents addressed that their family dependably grumbles about the utilization of whatsapp emissary, 58% respondents academic level gets affected by the usage of whatsapp , 68% respondents answered that their sleep gets affected by the use of whatsapp , 42% respondents uninstalls whatsapp after getting frustrated from their friends replies , 66% respondents seems to be intolerant and always block people when frustrated , 58% respondents relied that whatsapp impacts their mood and behavior , 60% individuals gets irritated if someone replies late to their chats , 54% people gets cognizant about their Whatsapp DP and status , 58 % respondents feels disrespected if someone leaves in the middle of chat , 58% respondents gets worried if someone replies late ,44% people answered that whatsapp affects their patience level and 38% individuals quoted that life would be boring without whatsapp messenger .
Table 3 edifies the subtle elements identified with the sentiments gave by the respondents incontrast to the utilization of whatsapp , a portion of the respondents guaranteed that there ought to be a particular age restrict for utilizing whatsapp application , 02% respondents cited that 10-12 yrs ought to be the particular age confine for utilizing the said application while , 06% chose 13-15 yrs , 16% chose 16-18 yrs , 14% picked over 18 and rest of the 62% cited that there ought not be a particular age restrain for utilizing the application .
The other piece of the survey concentrated on the time spent by the respondents on whatsapp , 14% people cited that they burn through 0-1 hrs every day , 34% chose 2-4 hrs ,24% chose 5-7 hrs ,12% chose 8-10 hrs , 04%respondents chose 11-13 hrs and 12 % people cited that there is no particular time restrict for their whatsapp use .out of all respondents , just 30% respondents cited that whatsapp impacts their way of life.
The primary goal of the present investigation was to center around the effect of whatsapp application on the life of youth in New Delhi . The information was gathered with the assistance of questionnaire survey under which 50 respondents where chosen based random sampling . The information was gathered in various parts of New Delhi and generally youth relating to age aggregate 13 – 25 where focused . According to the data analysis it was noticed that the majority of the respondents uses whatsapp application and some of them are very dependent with the utilization of this application . The vast majority of the respondents gets influenced by the features of whatsapp (Display picture , Status , Contact DP and so forth ) up to that degree that their enthusiastic and mental remainder gets affected in one way or other , Some of the respondents addressed that they often get disturbed if somebody shrouds their last seen or does not answer to the their messages , while different respondents asserted that their family members often grumble about their use of whatsapp constantly . Some people addressed that the use of whatsapp impacts their education and sleep as well while a portion of the respondents cited that their mind-set gets affected by the chats of their friends and family . In short we can state whatsapp is a wellspring of informing or online data transporter , the majority of the general population utilizes the said application in an exceptionally positive manner while others utilize the same application in an extremely negative way . Utilizing whatsapp isn’t an issue , yet utilizing it in a way that it impacts the way of life , well being , education or social condition can be an extremely grievous risk to our society .
The present examination uncovered that numerous respondents gets influenced by this application and the remainder of their mental quotient and mind-set stays limited towards this application . The vast majority gets such a great amount of dependence towards whatsapp that they overlook their own job and responsibilities and gets both mentally and socially impacted by the use of this app . Around 30% of the respondents asserted that their every day routine life gets impacts by whatsapp , the majority of the general population among them are so much addictive that occasionally they leave their food in middle and gets in touch with their companions on the other side . At the time of data collection , it was additionally watched that individuals who are whatsapp addict does not feel that they are one a wrong path however they continually continued saying that whatsapp is the wellspring of passionate help and stress buster .
A portion of the respondents where discovered such a great amount of joined to this application that they begin crying when somebody close friend does not answer on time and in like manner because of dissatisfaction they uninstall the application from their smart phones , over half respondents feels slighted or insulted if somebody leaves in the middle of the chat , this demonstrates the power and enslavement level of this application in our general public and consequently there is a need of rapid reappraisal .
Everything in this universe has upsides and downsides , utilizing web can be productive in a way that any kind of data can be gathered , it upgrades the learning of an individual and makes the life simple and advanced . we can think about a period when there was no innovation and that it was so difficult to contact the other individual over the mainland , yet now due the progression in innovation we can contact alternate people in seconds , we can make utilization of video calls to address the otherparty in person , now a days we make utilization of video conferences or whatsapp calls to address the far issues . Be that as it may, utilizing a similar innovation adversely can prompt obliteration and social lopsidedness ,utilizing whatsapp all the time can impact the vision of an individual and subsequently prompts numerous well being related issues , it impacts the psychological condition as well as impacts the physical strength of an individual . More often than not it is likewise observed that numerous phony information (Videos , News , pictures) gets viral on whatsapp which leaves a negative check on the general public .
In order to overcome the issue of addiction govt. should play a very important role in public awareness campaigning and society should stand hand in hand to deal with such issues that impacts our society in one way other . The whatsapp developers should design the app in such a way that their ought to be the particular age confinement and time boundations for the use of this application . Most essential is self acknowledgment , one should take note of that negative things dependably prompt pulverization along these lines we should center around positive things and henceforth improve our society in one way or other .
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Dr.Neelamalar;P.Chitra,AnnaUniversity social networking usage (2009) , Use of technology and addiction 45(4): P 22-76
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