It understandable that there are "certain unalienable rights" that we, as human beings, possess.These rights can't be, or should never be, taken away from us.Of course, there have been many great crusaders who have fought with everything they owned to make sure that we kept those rights.
The case West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette, 319 U.S. 624, is a case that really expresses the beliefs and interests of the time.The case reached the US Supreme Court after there was huge controversy on both sides of the debate.
It just so happened that three years before this case, in 1940, the US Supreme Court ruled in the case of the Minnersville School District v. Gobitis, 310 U.S. 586, that it was necessary for every school student to stand to salute and pledge allegiance to the flag.The act of saluting and pledging, along with the teaching of American history and ideals "for the purpose of teaching, fostering and perpetuating the ideals, principles and spirit of Americanism, and increasing the knowledge of the organization and machinery of the government."- 1The justices voted 8 to 1 for the Minnersville School District to force teachers to salute and pledge to the flag, leaving only Justice Harlan Stone to dissent.
Then on January 9, 1942, Minnersville Board of Education came up with a resolution.This resolution contained recitals that were mostly from the Courts' Gobitis decision.The resolution said that every school student and teacher alike must salute and pledge allegiance to the flag, and if anyone disobeyed this law, it "would be regarded as an act of insubordination, and shall be dealt with accordingly." 2This meant that they would be immediately be expelled from the school, and only be allowed back into the school if they denounce they're acts and agree to honor the flag as stated in the resolution.And "any such child shall be treated as being unl.