Every act of war directed to the indiscriminate destruction of whole cities or vast areas with their inhabitants is a crime against God and man. –Catechism of the Catholic Church. Since June 1940 tension had been mounting between America and Japan. The Axis Power, Germany and Italy, made strides into Europe while Japan had military interests in East Asia.
As the Japanese army marched into China and then into Vietnam, the United States grew increasingly uncomfortable. In retaliation, the United States. clamped a trade embargo (including one regarding oil-shipment) on Japan in July 1941.
Besides, all Japanese assets in the United States were frozen. Japan and the United States tried to come to an agreement. On November 5, 1941, Japan offered a plan to solve the crisis, but the American Secretary of State, Hull rejected the plan. The Americans would only accept an unconditional surrender under American terms. This frightened Japanese leaders because their biggest fear was losing their Emperor.
As a result of the rejection, the Japanese responded in December 1941, when they attacked United States base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii and launched other surprise attacks against Allied territories in the Pacific. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor claimed over 5000 American lives.Thus began a wider conflict marked by extreme bitterness. For most Americans this war was fundamentally different than the one waged against Italy and Germany. It was a war of vengeance. As the end of the war approached it was clear to both sides that it was going to be a fight to the finish.
The Japanese would not surrender, they would fight until the death of all their people. They would die, in honor of their country. The Americans would not relent until they had conquered Japan. Therefore, on August 6, 1945, with no forewarning, the United States used their massive, secret weapon, the atomic bomb, a.