William Edward Burghardt Du Bois, born a free black man on February 23, 1868, in Great Barrington, Mass. three years after the Civil War.His father (white man) died shortly after he was born.
Du Bois was of French/Dutch & African decent and grew-up with middle-class values of that time – believing that "all who were willing to work could easily earn a living" he was noted to say.Du Bois was encouraged by his High School principal, Frank Hosmer, to take up; algebra, geometry, Latin and Greek.Subjects that a few black males of his day, not even those of his privileged background did or even for that matter luckily enough to do.
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Later on he wrote, "If Hosmer had been another sort of man, with definite ideas as to a Negro's place."He graduated from Fisk University, then to Harvard (his dream) and received an undergraduate degree in 1890, a Masters in 1891 and received his PH. D.
in 1895.He was born in the North but taught in the South as a Professor of Sociology at the Atlanta University from 1897 to 1810 and then from 1934 to 1944 and also Wiberforce University.Founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and he was the editor of the monthly magazine,'The Crisis'.He resigned in 1934, over a dispute of organizational policy and direction.
His belief that the depression dictated a shift from the organization, stressing on legal rights and integration to now emphasizing on the black economic advancement, even if it meant'accepting' temporarily segregation. He was so furious about the direction this organization was heading.He then returned in 1944 to head the research department on collecting and disseminatingdata on Africans and their Diasporaand putting issues that are affecting them before the World Community.Old disputes began again and he was dismissed in 1948.In 1950, he was drawn the leftist .