Van Borsel

Van Borsel, J., Tetnowski, J. A. (2007). Fluency disorders in genetic syndromes. Journal of Fluency Disorders 32, 279-296.PurposeThe article discusses different fluency characteristics and behaviors in genetic syndromes and how they are linked to communication disorders to inform clinicians and researchers in the area of fluency deficits. Stuttering was found to be the main characteristic associated in each genetic syndrome as well as developmental disabilities, which plays a major role in the occurrence of their stuttering. The genetic syndromes discussed in the article review are Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, Prader Willi syndrome, Tourette syndrome, Neurofibromatosis type I, and Turner syndrome. Although the review mentions various different fluency disorders in genetic syndromes, the main focus in this abstract is focusing on the prevalence of stuttering in the Down syndrome population.
Method
The review covers various research over the different behaviors and characteristics associated with fluency and stuttering in individuals with Down syndrome. The terms the articles studied and conducted research over, was stuttering in males verses females, occurrence of stuttering associated in certain sounds, does stuttering occur more frequently in consonants or vowels, does fear of speaking cause stuttering in Down syndrome, and how having a developmental disability plays a major role in the prevalence of stuttering. Some of the research concluded in the review was that stuttering in Down syndrome isn’t connected with certain sounds, but rather occurs more frequently in vowels than in consonants. It also alludes that males with Down syndrome tend to have a greater incidence of prolongations and blocks allied with stuttering than in females.
Conclusion
The overall review is an informational article covering the different behaviors in each genetic syndrome and how it affects their fluency of speech. Down syndrome is a genetic disorder that falls under the category of developmental disabilities and is prominent to having a high prevalence of stuttering. The developmental disability community has been noted to having a higher prevalence of stuttering than those of the normal 1% who stutters. In other words, it could be said that stuttering occurs more often in those with developmental disabilities like Down syndrome. Some of the main behaviors concluded were that some individuals with Down syndrome are not aware of their stuttering but still experience mild fear in certain speaking situations. The fear to communicate doesn’t fall back on the knowledge of their own stuttering, but rather their frustration in word finding and decoding difficulties. The fear of speaking in certain situations for individuals with Down syndrome is created by their developmental disabilities, and not the knowledge of the severity in their stuttering.

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