Category: Transportation

AsdefinedbytheWorldHealthOrganization(WHO)”occupationalhealthdealswithallaspectsofhealthandsafetyintheworkplaceandhasastrongfocusonprimarypreventionofhazards1.Themainfocusinoccupationalhealthisonthreedifferentobjectives:(i) laws and regulations thatclearly define theresponsibilityofthestateandtheemployerandtheemployee.ILOistheonlytripartiteU.N.agency,since1919theILObringstogethergovernments,employersandworkersof187memberStates,tosetlabourstandards,developpoliciesanddeviseprogrammespromotingdecentworkforallwomenandmen.UnderlyingtheILO’sworkistheimportanceofcooperationbetweengovernmentsandemployers’andworkers’organizationsinfosteringsocialandeconomicprogress.TheILOaimstoensurethatitservestheneedsofworkingwomenandmenbybringingtogethergovernments,employersandworkerstosetlabourstandardsdeveloppoliciesanddeviseprogrammes.TheverystructureoftheILO,whereworkersandemployerstogetherhaveanequalvoicewithgovernmentsinitsdeliberations,showssocialdialogueinaction.ItensuresthattheviewsofthesocialpartnersarecloselyreflectedinILOlabourstandards,policiesandprogrammes.TheILOencouragesthistripartism withinitsconstituents-employers

AsdefinedbytheWorldHealthOrganization(WHO)”occupationalhealthdealswithallaspectsofhealthandsafetyintheworkplaceandhasastrongfocusonprimarypreventionofhazards1.Themainfocusinoccupationalhealthisonthreedifferentobjectives:(i) Themaintenanceandpromotionofworkers’healthandworkingcapacity.(ii) Theimprovementofworkingenvironmentandworktobecomeconducivetosafetyandhealthand(iii) Developmentofworkorganizationsandworkingculturesinadirectionwhichsupportshealthandsafetyatworkandindoingsoalsopromotesapositivesocialclimateandsmoothoperationandmayenhanceproductivityoftheundertakings.? BecauseLegislationisoneofthekeymechanismstosupportpolicyandplanningactivitiesundertakenbytheoccupationalhealthsystem.? Itisgenerallyacknowledgedthatthetargetcannotbeachievedwithouttheexistenceofa modern,clearand realistic laws and regulations thatclearly define theresponsibilityofthestateandtheemployerandtheemployee. ILOistheonlytripartiteU.N.agency,since1919theILObringstogethergovernments,employersandworkersof187memberStates,tosetlabourstandards,developpoliciesanddeviseprogrammespromotingdecentworkforallwomenandmen.UnderlyingtheILO’sworkistheimportanceofcooperationbetweengovernmentsandemployers’andworkers’organizationsinfosteringsocialandeconomicprogress.TheILOaimstoensurethatitservestheneedsofworkingwomenandmenbybringingtogethergovernments,employersandworkerstosetlabourstandardsdeveloppoliciesanddeviseprogrammes. TheverystructureoftheILO,whereworkersandemployerstogetherhaveanequalvoicewithgovernmentsinitsdeliberations,showssocialdialogueinaction.ItensuresthattheviewsofthesocialpartnersarecloselyreflectedinILOlabourstandards,policiesandprogrammes.TheILOencouragesthistripartism withinitsconstituents-employers ,workers andmemberStates ,bypromotingasocialdialoguebetweentradeunionsandemployersinformulating,andwhereappropriate,implementingnationalpolicyonsocial,economic,andmanyotherissues,andbecausedifferentcountriestakedifferentapproachestoensuringoccupationalsafetyandhealth,areasofOSHneedandfocusalsovarybetweencountriesandregions.InSudanOccupationalaccidentsareunderreportedindevelopingcountries;thereisalackofconvenientaccidentsrecordingsystem,Moreover,lackofqualifiedspecialists,regulations,andactivationoflegislations.InSudan,thearticlenumber92ofthe1997SudanLaborcodeisconcernedwithoccupationalaccidents,however,thisarticleremainedinactiveuntil2005. Sincethenaccidents’recordwerekeptatadministrationofindustrialsafety,Accidentcausesaremainlyduetounsafeactsandconditions,plusManyworkingplacesinSudanaresufferingfrom bothofthem.Khartoum stateincludesKhartoum,Bahari,andOmdurmancities,andwefoundthatlargeindustrialenterprisesarelocatedprimarilyinKhartoum state.Againwithlackofaccidentanalysisofcauses,typesandoutcomesinSudan.SFMOHstatedthattheincolorationwithMOLnationaloccupationalsafetyandhealthcultureisoneinwhichtherightto asafeandhealthyworkingenvironmentisrespectedatalllevels,wheregovernments,employersandworkersactivelyparticipateinsecuringasafeandhealthyworkingenvironmentthroughasystem […]

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