TOPIC generations which is the cause of study

 TOPICOF PRESENTATION: TOWARDS SUSTAINABLEDEVELOPMENT  Presentedby:Prof. RavneetKaur(AssistantProfessor in Commerce)Punjab Collegeof Engineering      OBJECTIVEOF THE STUDY Sustaining resources for future generation hasalways been a matter of utmost importance and it continues to be the same. Withthe increasing population, there has been increase in the use of variousresources. The excess use of resources has caused stress amongenvironmentalists. Therefore, it has become important to save certain resourcesfor future generations which is the cause of study of this topic. One problemfaced by environmental managers is that the goal of sustainable development isnot fully formed and its fundamental concepts are still debated.                                                 Effortshave been made to cover the various aspects and follow ups that have takenplace in the environment in regard of sustainable development.

The soleobjective of this study is to make the World aware of the fact that the timehave arrived where it has become necessary to take some serious steps forconserving the resources for the continuation of human life.              RESEARCHMETHODOLOGY Sustainable Development is defined as thedevelopment of present generation keeping in mind the needs of futuregeneration. There is a greater need to protect and conserve the resources thatare depleting slowly with the passage of time.  Keeping this in mind, following method havebeen chosen for research.

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 Secondary method of collection of facts and figureshave been chosen. Different methods and practices adopted for achievingsustainable development have been discussed and current status ofsustainability have been looked into. The study reveals that society and differentorganizations have started taking necessary steps for the wise use of differentsources of energy.         INTRODUCTION The concept of Sustainable development wasintroduced in early 1980s (in particular through the publication of the WorldConservation Strategy by IUCN, UNEP and WWF, 1980) in order to reconcileconservation and development objectives. This concept, although had appeared inthe 1970s and disseminated in early 1980s, called for the maintenance ofessential ecological processes; the preservation of biodiversity andsustainable use of species and ecosystems.                                       SustainableDevelopment is that development that meet the needs of present withoutcompromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.Basically, sustainable development is comprised of following three components:1.     Economic Growth 2.

     Environmental Stewardship3.     Social Inclusion                                                               It means thatsustainable development can only be achieved if there is growth in the economycomplimented by changes in environment and with the help of society at large. Thelast component, social inclusion, is the most important because without theinvolvement of society, sustainable development can never prove to be arevolution.                                            Owing to thegrowth of population, the demand for different resources have increasedtremendously. As a result of this, the resources are exploited more than theirusage. So it has become necessary to sustain the resources that we are using sothat our coming generations can enjoy the life as we are enjoying right now.

      IMPORTANCEOF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT : SUSTAINABLEDEVELOPMENT IS ENVIRONMENTAL CARE MARRIED TO DEVELOPMENT.It becomes necessary to understand that why the need of sustainable arouse. Followingpoints highlight the importance of sustainable development: v  Improvingquality of human life while living within the carrying capacity of supportingecosystems.v  Developmentto be based on the principle of inter-generational, inter-species andinter-group equity.

v  Tominimize the depletion of resources by creating and using the substitutes fornon-renewable sources of energy.v  Protectionof technological resources as new generation will be tech savvy and technologyrequire a significant array of minerals & other inputs to be manufactured.v  Agriculturewill have to catch up with growing population because if same unsustainabletilling, seeding, watering, spraying and harvesting methods are used in futurethen they’ll become very costly as fossil fuel resources run out.v  Howto accommodate the increasing population is another major concern because ifcities are developed non-sustainably, they will become more & moreexpensive to build & maintain over time.v  Sustainabledevelopment is required to control the change in climate which is proving worsethese days.v  Itis necessary to sustain biodiversity. Without bees, at least 19 major foodcrops would suffer and nearly 50% of the food in most grocery stores would benon-existent.

v  Lastbut not the least, sustainable development is very much essential for thefinancial stability of any economy.v  Lastbut not the least, the major crunch of GLOBAL WARMING that whole world isfacing needs to be combatted. Sustainable development is the sole way out tothis disastrous yet preventable disease.       WHATPREVENTS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FROM HAPPENING?????   There are two major issues that prevent sustainabledevelopment from happening.  1.      Manyaspects of development, using sustainable methods and materials is expensive. Whilethe long-term cost of sustainability does prove to be less expensive thantraditional development, the creation of a sustainable project may be far moreexpensive in the first phase.

 2.      Thereis not a generally accepted need for sustainable development. This is aneducation issue that may take many years to resolve.                                  Contractors andinvestors cannot see the importance of sustainable projects when they cost moreto initiate. When the goal is to make money in the short term, it can be verydifficult to generate the long-tern vision that is required to understand theimportance of sustainability. Towards this end, there are more government regulationsand incentive programs that have been put into place to make sustainabledevelopment a more attractive option for program and project managers.         HOWCAN WE MAKE IT HAPPEN? To make sustainable development the norm, we have tochange the vision of the cultures of each country.

Following is required to bedone: ·        The culture must value a global benefitmore than a local one. ·        A responsibility towards providing andsustaining resources for the future must be of more value than profit in thepresent must be developed.                                                             Both of these are very hard to do because it requires an element ofself-sacrifices to be adopted by the present society. The value of the futureis something that is not held in high esteem when it comes to creating a profitor to living with convenience. The general self-focus of each generation isunderstandable but as history has shown in other areas it can be expended toinclude a sense of responsibility towards futures unknown that will allow fordifferent choices to be made in the present.     INITIATIVESAT GLOBAL FRONT : Global organizations such as United Nations, NGOs,aid organizations and even governments are increasingly sponsoring efforts toensure sustainable development goals are realized for every individual acrossthe board. Some other important sustainable development goals set by thesebodies include: 1.     Eradicationof poverty across the world :These organizations primarily focus on the leastdeveloped and low-income countries where poverty is rife.

They aim to eradicatepoverty across the board by expanding social protection programs like schoolfeeding, cash transfers, targeted food assistance, social insurance and labormarket programs such as skill training, old age pensions, wage subsidies,unemployment insurance, disability pensions and so on. 2.     Promotionof good health and well-being :It ensures good health and well-being for all ateach stage of life. The goal takes into account all the main health prioritiessuch as maternal and child health, reproductive health, environmental, communicableand non-communicable diseases, universal health coverage and access to quality,safe, effective and affordable vaccines and medicines. It also advocates forenhanced health financing, increase research and development, strengthen thecapacity of every country engaged in health risk prevention and management.

 3.     Provisionfor quality education:These bodies have realized that the level of childschool dropout is at all-time high. This gap must be closed to ensure qualityand equality in education sector. This goal seeks to ensure inclusive qualityeducation and promotion of ling life learning opportunities.   4.     Provisionof clean water and sanitation :Water and sanitation are on the top of the chartregarding sustainable development. They are critical to the survival of humansand the planet.

This goal aims to address aspect relating to sanitation, hygienedrinking water and the quality and sustainability of water resources across theglobe. 5.     Stronginfrastructure supporting inclusive and sustainable industrialization andincubating innovation:This goal takes into account industrialization,infrastructure and innovation as aspects of sustainable development.Infrastructure is vital because it offer the basic frame work necessary tosmooth running of enterprise and society at large. Industrialization drives upeconomic development, yield job opportunities, hence reducing levels ofpoverty. Innovation enhances technological abilities of industrial sectors andtriggers the development of overall society. 6.

     Enablingaccess to affordable and clean energy :Energy is the most critical resource to achievingmost of the sustainable development goals. Energy plays a vital role inmitigating poverty to advancements in industrialization, education, watersupply and health and fighting climate change. This sustainable developmentgoal focuses on developing and expending renewable energy resources such assun, wind, hydro power, liquid and solid biofuels, bio gas and geothermal.  These renewable resources of energy don’t emitgreenhouse gasses to the atmosphere and are ideal for the environment and humanhealth. 7.      Achieving gender equality :In the past few decades, gender equality and womenempowerment have been agendas for most government for long term sustainabledevelopment. Access to education for girls has since improved, the % of childmarriage has plummeted, and huge leaps have been taken in the domain of sexualand reproductive health and rights such as dramatic reduction in maternalhealth.

Although there is still a long way to go to reach this milestone,organization are using every ounce of their energy and throwing in resources toensure the dream is realize.          There are other sustainable development goals said by these bodiesincluding decent jobs and economic growth, sustainable cities and communities,conservation of sea , oceans and marine resources , combating climate change,sustainable consumption and production pattern and much more.  EXAMPLESOF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT : Following are some of the popular examples forsustainable development: o  WINDENERGY :Wind energy is energy harnessedfrom the motion of using wind turbine or windmills.

Wind energy is renewable,which means it’s never ending and can be used to substitute energy at the grid.This makes it a good sustainable development practice. o  SOLARENERGY :This energy is harnessed from thesun using solar panels.

It’s advantageous since it’s absolutely free and itssupply is infinite. These factors make it beneficial to consumers and good for MotherNature because it doesn’t contribute to emission of greenhouse gasses. o  GREENSPACE :Green spaces are locations where plantsand animals are left to flourish. Parks also fall into the category of greenspaces. Green spaces provide people remarkable opportunity to take pleasure inoutdoor recreation, more so in big cities, where resting space is hard to comeby.

Green spaces also help regulate climate and quality of air, insulatesrivers and streams from polluted runoff and lowers energy usage by dealing withthe warming impacts of paved surfaces. o  CROPROTATION :Crop rotation is the practice ofplanting different crops in the same farm to enhance soil fertility and assistcontrol diseases and insects. Crop rotation is beneficial in many ways; most importantly,its chemical free. This means using this farming practice maintains integrityof your soil, making it a sustainable development practice. o  RAINWATER HARVESTING :Rain water harvesting meanscapturing and storing rain that falls on-site (usually on roofs). It isgenerally used for irrigation and toilet flushing or other greywater uses,though it can also be used for drinking water if it is adequately treated.

  DOYOU??????”CHARITYBEGINS AT HOME” is a popular quote which means that any change or contributionto someone shall be started from individual. If you wish to change somethingthen it must start with you first. So here are some list of questions that youought to answer for your own : 1.     Doyou switch off the lights, fans and other electrical appliances at home whennot in use?2.     Doyou often brush with a running water tap?3.     Doyou switch off the lights and other electric appliances when they areunnecessarily on in your office or work place? 4.     Doyou use buckets and tubs for bathing instead of running taps?5.     Doyou car pool often to your office or destination instead of taking differentconveyances?6.

     Doyou keep your surroundings clean?7.     Doyou plant trees?8.     Doyou take care of your garden and plants inside like you take care of yourchild?9.

     Doyou charge your electronic gadgets for too long?10.  Do you plant one single plant onVan Mahotsav?11.  Have you ever saved rain water?12.  Have you ever celebrated World’sEnvironment Day?                                                                           Ifyour answers to above questions are in “YES” then you are heading forsustainable development but if your answers are “NO” then sorry to ask that areyou even a human being…..leaving behind a responsible citizen. Its hard time thatyou need to think of your children and grandchildren very seriously becausethey may hardly get any drop of water to survive or small amount of light towork and study.        CONCLUSION: In the end, there is no argument beyond a politicalone when it comes to sustainable development.

People already use a huge amountof the Earth’s non-renewable resources to live their everyday lives. The ideaof environmentally sustainable economic growth is not new. It is nothing morebut a synonym to sustainable development.                                                                         In the long run, there will be no debate about sustainable developmentas it has proven to be cleaner, potentially more efficient and is the only wayto grow our economies without impacting human health and environment. Due toworld governments putting more emphasis on sustainable development, more peopletoday are moving towards renewable sources of energy like solar, wind, hydropowerand geothermal.

As more people join this bandwagon, a lot more of the resourceswill be required and this will mean faster depletion of resources. With time,sustainable development will not be an option for individuals wanting to live ahealthy life and lifestyle choices.               ACKNOWLEDGEMENT                                                             Ihave been able to complete this study only due to initiative being taken by HMV College, Jalandhar for organizingTwo Days International Conference on “CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN SOCIAL SCIENCES.”  I would also like to express my deep sense ofgratitude to my parents who supported me in completing this paper.                         It’smy pleasure to present the findings and facts of the topic ‘TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT’ in the International Conferenceorganized by HMV College, Jalandhar.

I hope I did justice with the topic.                                                                       SOURCESReferences include the following: ·        TheTribune ·        TheTimes of India ·        www.indianexpress.com ·        www.yourarticlelibrary.com ·        www.

conserve-energy-future.com ·        greenliving.lovetoknow.com ·         www.wikipedia.

com                 CORRESPONDENCE ADDRESS      Name:            Ms. Ravneet Kaur                                          D/o S.Kuldip Singh     Address:        227/5, Tagore Nagar, Jalandhar (Punjab)   Contact:         8284970797  E-Mail ID:     [email protected]           

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