i) to work in direct association with

i) On-the-job Training:

Under this method, the worker is put on a machine or a specific job in the factory.

He is instructed by an experienced employee or a special supervisor. No special school has to be opened for the trainees and in the course of their training; they continue to add to the output. Usually, the experienced workers acting as instructors have neither the time or inclination nor the competence to provide suitable instruction to the trainees. The method can therefore, be successful only if the trainers are well qualified and show enough interest in the trainees.

(ii) Vestibule Training:

A vestibule is a fore court or entrance-hall through which one has to pass before entering the main rooms in a house. In vestibule training, therefore, the “workers are trained on specific jobs in a special part of the plant. “An attempt is made to create working conditions which are similar to the actual workshop conditions. This enables the workers to secure training in the best methods of work and to get rid of initial nervousness.

(iii) Apprenticeship Training:

This method of training is in vogue in those trades, crafts and technical fields in which a long period is required for gaining proficiency. The trainees serve as apprentices to experts for long periods, say, seven years. They have to work in direct association with and also under the direct supervision of their masters. The object of such training is to make the trainees all-round craftsmen.

The apprentices are paid their remuneration according to the apprenticeship agreements.

(iv) Internship Training:

This method of training refers to a joint programme of training in which the technical institutions and business houses co-operate. The object of such co-operation is to provide such training as will bring about a balance between theory and practice. For this purpose students may be sent to factories for practical training in between their terms at their schools.

(v) Learner Training:

The “learners” are those who join industry for semi-skilled jobs without any prior knowledge about the elements of industrial engineering. They have, therefore, to undergo a programme of education and training. For this purpose, it may become necessary to send them to vocational schools for some time for the study of arithmetic, workshop mathematics and learning operation of machines.

After this they may be assigned to regular production jobs.

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