Today largequantities of clean fuels are used in many countries, and there is a prospectof widespread use of them in the future.
The need to use alternative andrenewable fuels for oil and its products has begun to play a very importantrole in the developed world. Biofuels, biogas, hydrogen, etc. can replace orsupplement fossil fuels. Biofuels are all solid, liquid and gaseous fuelsderived from biomass (renewable energy source). The most important arebiodiesel produced from vegetable oils and animal fats, bioethanol producedfrom sugarcane, cellulose and starchy plants, biogas produced from organicagro-industrial and other wastes and residues, as well as from energy plants.Economic,social and, above all, environmental reasons require the replacement of fossilfuels, since biofuels contribute to reducing emissions of hazardous pollutantsthat have a significant impact on health and are responsible for global climatechange and, in particular, for greenhouse gases.Biomassproduction can contribute to local development, boosting agriculture andcreating new jobs, thus contributing to the development of a sustainable energysystem that ensures at the same time fuel safety, economic efficiency andenvironmental protection.
Biofuelsgenerate 90% fewer hydrocarbon emissions and 50% less carbon dioxide emissions,which is safer for our health. It is non-flammable and non-toxic and safe forhandling and touch.Thebenefits of cooking oils are that they can be mixed with regular oil and can beoperated with any diesel engine. So buildings can use it as a fuel for boilersor their heaters.Byconverting the food and other organic waste from the building into cleanenergy, bio-methanisation creates fertilizer and methane gas. The gas can beused to supply large gas engines to produce electricity.
90% of thebuilding will be used to construct the building to avoid pollutants fromconventional fuels, such as power-operated concrete mixers and electricforklift trucks. The use of hydrogen has been studied is difficult at present.As is well known, the use of fossil fuels in internal combustion engines leadsto the emission of hazardous pollutants that endanger public health. Nitrogenoxides, and various volatile organic compounds and increased carbon dioxideproduction, are threatening the atmosphere and therefore the use of alternativeenergy sources such as hydrogen production seems to be the best solution toavoid climate change and the greenhouse effect. Hydrogen is theoretically thebest fuel, without any environmental burden, because when it is burned withoxygen it only forms water. Hydrogen can be used in automotive engines, sogreenhouse gases are not formed during its combustion, as opposed toconventional pollutants that continually contaminate the atmosphere withdangerous pollutants for health and the environment. In this way we willachieve a reduction in air pollutants and noise in the wider area.
9) PublicUrban Transport is a key pillar in the day-to-day operation of urban areasaround the world. The use of public transport services contributes to theday-to-day movements of citizens and visitors of a region and leads to thereduction of urban traffic, which means reducing the number of private vehiclesand consequently congestion.By aimingto reduce energy consumption, emissions of air pollutants into the environmentand thus to create better traffic conditions, we contribute to improvingenvironmental conditions – reducing pollutants and upgrading the quality oflife. BahrainWorld Trade Center is located in the core of Manama’s business region. Itoffers direct access to the Bahia’s primary courses, the King’s Faisal Highway.The central area of the building is only a fifteen moment drive from theairport which interfacing Bahrain to the world.
Of course, near the building,there are various public urban transports, which are offered to people so thatthey can move around the country. A Part ofthe Ministry’s procedure is to improve the public transportation divisionthrough provision of high level services to enhance the usage of the public transportationby adding facilities like terminals and new transport stations to basicallyhelp and enhance the standard and value of the bus-transport service. 10) With thecurrent data, the car is an integral part of everyday life and developmentitself as it is directly linked to the facilitation of travel with public servicesand in general with every aspect and activity of the citizens. The use of aprivate car leads to crowding out of public space and characterizes the area bya lack of quality infrastructure for pedestrian and bicycle travel andenvironmental degradation.
The abilityto cope and not to use a private car creates urban areas “free ofcars”. The implementation of measures to restrict private cars requiresthe promotion of alternative means of transport. Such as extensive pedestrianzones, an extensive network of city buses and fixed-track means (underground,tramway) as well as a bicycle path network.
The abovealternative means of transport reduces air pollution from industrial andtransport activities. Secondly, noise pollution is reduced. Sound generated bythe use of motor vehicles is an important source of negative impacts fornetwork users, pedestrians and residents of the area. And thirdly, jamming andcost-effectiveness. Unfortunately, in the area of Bahrain world tradecenter although there are a lot of public transports, the usage of cars is hasnot been reduced much due to the reason that the stations available do notinclude (mostly the local people) the destinations that they want to go.
On theother hand, tourists mostly use the public transports as it covers most oftheir desirable destinations so slowly the problem may be solved by adding moreand more bus-routes 11) It is notedthat in many countries, citizens show increased interest and implementinnovative practices to improve quality of life. They aim to promote cyclingand walking as an alternative means of transport. That is, they aim atintegrated interventions targeting cities without a car, a direction towardssustainability.Walking andcycling helps reduce traffic congestion and brings further public healthbenefits from reduced car use, thus reducing air pollution, carbon dioxideemissions, noise and the overall level of traffic risk and at the same timeimproves the human traffic system, allowing people to engage in a form ofhealthy exercise during everyday life. Finally it causes an increase in thenumber of people of all ages who are out on the streets, making public placeslook more hospitable and safer, day and night, providing opportunities forsocial interaction.
The measuresrequired to deal with wider walking or cycling influences should be safe,convenient and enjoyable. This includes measures to reduce road hazards andredistribute road space, recreation of public space to create a more favorableenvironment, flexible transport and taxi systems, bus services, expressservices, information and awareness raising. Finally, action in these areas isparticularly important in addressing health inequalities, includingdisability-related issues. Bahrain isa big dusty country. Although people do cycling and walking the country is notbicycle and walking friendly. Especially during the summer time, daytime is nota good action no matter how prepared you are due to the reason that thetemperature is dangerously hot.
13) Theconstruction sector, which is directly related to the construction ofbuildings, homes and infrastructure such as transport, communications, watersupply etc., is a prerequisite for the proper economic and social developmentof each country and the achievement of sustainability at a global level.Accordingto the European Union, buildings account for 40% of the total energyconsumption, while the sustainability of construction concerns mainly technicalmatters, such as the type of local materials and energy saving as well as thereduction of the overall environmental impact.Thesustainability of a building must be local and renewable in order to contributeto the creation of an ecologically responsible world.
It must be built usinglocally viable materials such as materials that can be used without negativeeffects on the environment and produced locally, reducing the need fortransport and transport and, at the same time, emissions of gases into theatmosphere.Bahrain’snature offers some wonderful building materials, some of which are renewableresources such as stones and sand. And because these materials require littleprocessing or transportation, environmental and economic costs are low.
Of coursethe usage of other materials was used. Below is the list of the buildingmaterials. Concrete 4000cubic meter Steel reinforcement 730 tonnes Cement 1600 tonnes Stone and sand 7400 tonnes Water 1600 litre