Title over arousal will deteriorate performance (Yerkes and

Title – Theeffect of high intensity exercise on coincidence anticipation reaction time.

 Abstract –Currentlymultiple pieces of research investigate the factors effecting coincidenceanticipation time such as age, experience and arousal this article will look athow high intensity exercise can effect the anticipation reaction time. Thereare 15 participants in the study (14 Male and 1 Female) with an age range of19-35 (21±4). The Bassin CAT LED test is used to determine pre-exercise andpost-exercise anticipation reaction times. The study uses a cycle ergometer toenable participants to reach a THR90% (90% of Target Heart Rate).

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Theresults show that the times taken to react to the stimulus were quicker beforetaking part in high intensity exercise. This could conclude that there is anegative effect between high intensity exercise and coincidence anticipationreaction times. Introduction – Currentresearch into exercise intensity and anticipation is still inconclusive asthere are different results for whether there is a cause effect relationship.Coincidence anticipation is the prediction of an action before it happens.

Anticipation is a key skill in sport as being able to predict an event before ithappens can help to prevent an opponent from being able to outwit you.Participating in exercise increases arousal levels which have been identifiedas being a factor that may increase coincidence anticipation reaction time.Athletes will have different arousal levels to keep them at their peakconcentration. One theory of arousal is the inverted U theory which proposesthat as arousal increases so does performance until a point where over arousalwill deteriorate performance (Yerkes and Dodson, 1908.) When a performerbecomes aroused their alertness is increasing due to the increase of adrenalineand the heart rate also starts to increase. As well as exercise being apossible factor that affects anticipation reaction time, the other factors mayinclude, sex, age, experience and those playing sport and those who do not. Astudy by Lyons et al.

, (2008) looked at the difference of the reaction timebetween novice and expert Gaelic games the study found that the intensity ofexercise in novices does affect their anticipation time and there was nosignificant difference in high intensity exercise for professionals. Age hasalso been another research area in relation to coincidence anticipation timingand it was shown there was a difference in females and age as they got olderthe anticipation timing decreased but there was no significant evidence amongstmales (Kuhlman et al 1992). Thefollowing study by Duncan et al., (2014) shows how the catastrophe arousaltheory correctly predicts how coincidence anticipation will be altereddepending on levels of arousal.

In thisstudy the aim that will be being researched is does high intensity exercise effectthe time taken to predict the arrival of a LED light stimulus. The followingare the hypothesises of the study; There will be no difference in whether highintensity exercise effects anticipation reaction time or There will be a nodifference in whether high intensity exercise effects anticipation reactiontime, at the end of the study a hypothesis will be accepted depending on whatis found. 

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