This (p126) so they can validate racialized policies

This chapter aids us to grasp how Britain,according to James Hampshire (2005), has turned into a multi-racial society againstthe wishes of its politicians and a large proportion of its people. Hampshire (2005)delves into the politics of immigration in post-war Britain and brings to lighthow unease about public health service and welfare scrounging impacts governmentpolicy and influences changes made to the law. Hampshire (2005) puts forwardthe argument that radical ideas are becoming more prominent in post-war deliberationsabout immigration and says that the such deliberations have seriousconsequences on our society.

He demonstrates clearly in his argument how thegovernment claims to appeal to the notion of “belonging” (p126) so they can validateracialized policies put in place to slow down the immigration rates frompreviously colonised countries such as Algeria and Morocco. As immigration has been a prominent topic of conversationon the political agenda over the past decade, Hampshire gives an essential frameworkto present-day debates by demonstrating how notions about race, demography andbelonging overlap to shape immigration policy. Onestrength which cannot be overlooked in this text is Hampshire’s referencing to alarge wealth of contemporary archival material to back up this argument, his fascinatinganalysis alters the way we consider citizenship. I Find it extremely potent how he incorporatesold case studies with recent ones to bridge between historical and contemporarydebates, overall, this create a well-rounded argument. In her introduction, Marilyn Friedman (2005) outlines the complexity of the term “citizenship”.She believes it is hard to pinpoint exactly one definition to the word, as shegoes onto stating some definitions: it can be a set of privileges, rights and responsibilities;however, it can also be seen as a relationship between an individual and thestate, this shows us that political terminology. Although citizenship has beenexplored through many discipline there is hardly any exploration of therelationship between gender and citizenship.

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This comes to me as a surprise, as we knowthat women’s global denial of citizenship has a long history and is still ongoingto date. With reference to works of influential scholars such as Young.I. M (1980), Jaguar A. M (2003), Martha Nussbaum (2002), and Sandra Bartky (2001),Freidman takes a fresh cope in the way she addresses citizenship as she discussesin depth the relevance of culture and politics in influencing women’s experienceof citizenship.

At the heart of the argument in this text is the conceptual problemsand gimmicks which helps to influence the feminist pursuit to give woman fullcitizenship status and stop customs, and conditions which extenuate women’scitizenship in many parts of the world. One prominent example of women’scitizenship being compromised due to traditions, is in Saudi Arabia where womenare deprived of mundane rights such as Driving. We can see clearly that this isoppressive of women’s autonomy and citizenship.

 The overarching topic in both readings is the politics of citizenship,however, both authors take different focal points to their argument about the experienceof citizenship. Hampshire considered the legalities and policies surroundingimmigration while Freidman approaches a more fundamental topic which is gender. 

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