This in the society plays a unique

This section shows the conceptual andoperational definition of the variables of the study.

This study is composingof different terms that needed to be defined.One of it is the socio-economic profileof the respondent, it serves as to provide a background check of the respondentthat include the respondent’s age, civil status, religious affiliation,educational attainment, occupation, the amount of their daily or weeklyallowance and type of family they belong.According to Princeston University(2005), socio-economic means as a term that refers to a person or group’splacement in a stratified social construct. It is a combined term of two wordssocial and economic (Radzman, 2001). To the researchers, this concept isusually used to foretell individual or group behavior.

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In this study, thesocio-economic defined as the social condition of a person means culture, asociety where a person is living and his/her interaction with society and itsfinancial status.Family as the basic unit institution inthe society plays a unique role in raising, rearing, and molding a child tobecome a better citizen in the wider society. In this institution, the childlearns his/her primary knowledge and understands norms and values of thesociety, as well as the norms and values of the smaller group to which he/shebelongs.Family structure varies across culturesand changes over time (Cancian & Reed, 2009; Hill, 2012). Many sociologistsand anthropologists give different definitions of this term.

According toMurdock (1949), family as a social group composed of adults of both sexes whohave a common residence, it also maintains a socially approved sexualrelationship and has one or more children from their sexual cohabitation. Coser(2004) also mentioned family as a group of people composed of husband, wife,and their children born in their wedlock and united by moral, legal and socialrights and obligations.According to The Centre for SocialJustice (2013), to have a core of a strong society, it should have a stable andhealthy family. Within in the family environment that an individual’sdevelopment in different aspects such as physical, emotional and mentalwell-being occurs. Where we learn to love, to give, to understand right and wrong,and we acquire fundamental skills such as sharing, self-control, empathizing,and communication.Sociologists have identified two familytypes: a) nuclear family composed of two adults of different sexes and theirchildren (own or adopted); and b) extended family composed of two or threegenerations of relations living together (Bilton et al., 1996; Giddens, 1993)And when family consist of a mother andher children and these children are her biological offspring is calledmatrifocal. A common kind of family where the women have the resources to rear herchildren by herself.

A family with mixed parents: one or both parents remarriedand children of the firmer family are brought into the new family is calledblended or stepfamily. According to Michael Lam, a social psychologist, insociology, traditional family refers to “a middle-class family with abread-winning father and stay-at-home mother, married to each other and raisingtheir own children,” while the nontraditional family to exceptions from thisrule. And most of the households today are nontraditional.The basis of having a well-functioningsociety is to have a healthy marriage, stable family, and well-adjustedchildren.

But we diverge to what is the concept of family and have nearlydestroyed individuals in the process. Moreover, the society has changed itsconcept of what really constitutes a family, and adjusting thoughts andbehaviors regarding family values. It is a known fact, though, that familyinfluences us in many ways and that patterns of interaction in the family arethe most lasting influence that each of us will ever know. The way that we havetogether with our family members it determines what it means to us to be ahuman being. Indeed, family signifies “who we are and how we behave”, but wecan’t deny the fact that there is no perfect society; good things should cometo an end. The healthy marriage, stable family, and well-adjusted children thatwe ever thought will turn into unhealthy marriage and unstable family. And thewhole family becomes devastated because family breakdown exists.Family breakdown is known as a point ofdivergence in which the family members union comes to an end and it happenswhen parents decide to separate divorce, and/or death of a parent or parents.However, it is not a single event, but a process that involves a number of riskand protective factors that interact in complex ways both before and afterparental separation or divorce to increase or limit the risk of the adverseoutcomes associated with family breakdown (Zakaria, p.17)


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