There dead or if they were lucky, escaped

There is a great deal of history in the country of Rwanda. The first people to live there were the group called Twa. By the 10th century, Hutu farmers were living there as well. Tutsi warriors finally came after the 14th century, arriving with there cattle. Tutsi created a monarchy by the 16th century. Every tribe had a common language used to communicate with each other, as well as a common culture, and race issues were not a problem until the 20th century.
Germany became the original European superpower to colonize land in Rwanda back in 1899, managing it through their king at the time. In 1916 the Belgians gained power and control, during World War I. Belgium received it as a League of Nations mandate in 1919 and continued indirect rule but restructured the system to increase ethnic divisions. The Tutsi were the Belgians favorites, more than the Hutu and Twa, which created an insane amount of problems in future times including race issues between tribes. The Belgium made Rwanda a UN trust territory in 1945. Tensions were rising when the Hutu were protesting against the Tutsi for voting and other rights in the 1950s. The violence quickly escalated after the Hutu sub chief was attacked by Tutsi rebels. Many Tutsis were left dead or if they were lucky, escaped to surrounding countries. Troops from Belgium got involved and created a policy reversal, which created a government run by the Hutu. Monarchy ended in 1961 with more African countries becoming democratic. Rwanda become independent in 1962, when it split into two separate countries, Rwanda and Burundi


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