‘There and find who he is as an

‘There always exists a real need to re-examine thework of the past’-Hitchcock1The studying and analysis of previous architectureand buildings is an essential part of designing architecture today.

Anarchitect can find his style and way of design through the study ofarchitectural theory written starting from Vitruvius, and find who he is as anarchitect. Analysing buildings of the past, Architects canfind out what has worked and what has not, defining their own philosophy ofwhat they believe architecture is, and what it is to the society. Studyingdifferent eras, with what interests the architect, one can learn how to formgreat architecture. When rediscovering these historical buildings, one is notto copy it as every timeline and era asks for something different, but going indepth and figuring the complexity of the buildings, one may be able to add newsensibilities to these designs according to their context, and make a newproduct which will be able to work in the present. History and theory is material one can and shouldgain from. There have been numerous geniuses who have come and gone, theirexperiments available for us to analyse, to examine and discover new thingsfrom.

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One example can be seen in St Peters Square,designed by Bernini, who was inspired by Michelangelo’s work. Michelangelo’sCapitoline Hill, and the elements he used for design can be seen in St PetersSquare.In Capitoline Hill, Rome was in ruins, andMichelangelo and Pope Julius had come into power. Michelangelo renovates thehill, adding geometry and fake facades, playing with the perspective of thespace. The ellipse in the centre was to put chaos into order, which were two ellipsesintersecting with a statue in the centre of a man pointing towards the newRome.

A reverse perspective was created, causing the Piazza to appear closer.Bernini learned and analysed the ideas Michelangelo had created, and cooperatedthese into his design for Saint Peters Square. He works with perspective to hisadvantage, and deliberately narrows it, directing the persons view towards StPeters Basilica.

The columns seem to get smaller and deceive your eyes. Thiswas achieved by using the methods of Michelangelo, looking at a design that hadalready been carried out and proven successful, and used a similar layout tothat of Capitoline Hill to get what he wanted to achieve. The huge space addsto the grandness of the Basilica, showing how it is important. The piazzaclosest to the front of the Cathedral is not a square, but is slightly narrow,giving the illusion that the Church is even grander from below.

It has beendesigned to increase the sense of awe when a person enters the square.           Left:St Peters Square, Right: Capitoline HillThe Hearst Castle, designedby Julia Morgan in 1919 clearly show she was inspired by European styles fromdifferent eras. The indoor pool for instance is inspired by the Baths ofCaracalla in Rome. Elements from baroque, Renaissance, Spanish baroque can allbe seen. The main building tower is inspired by the Church in Ronda, but with astucco exterior instead of masonry in respect to Californian architecture.

Thebuilding has been decorated by a mix of elements, and made very grand. TheNeptune pool views over the mountains, also seeming to be similar to thepreviously mentioned St 1 Robert Venturi: Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture 1977:p.9


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