Theme-based curriculum. Students can choose the thematic topic

Theme-based approach is an approach for teaching a range of skills and brainstorm areas around a topic which displays how the brain functions. Theme-based learning is also called topic-based teaching which is one of the approaches with the broader model of content-based instruction. It elucidates how children can know facts and ideas. They get to connect with one another across subjects and they construct meaning out of it.
Theme-based learning or areas around a topic helps learning become more relevant for students. It can also be challenging for educators as teacher need to give bunch of themes for students to choose from. Despite that, it is more interesting to teach and learn by using a theme. Several of activities are integrated around a meaningful content that provides learners with meaningful uses of the language. This is why theme-based learning is very effective. New vocabularies can be learned and can be improved with a view achieving the aim.
Under the thematic learning instruction, while choosing a theme, we ought to choose themes that are interesting for students and relevant to the curriculum. Students can choose the thematic topic by discussing with each other. Themes should also be topics of interest to the teacher because successful thematic instructions often requires additional research and preparation. Integrative themes which are related to multiple academic disciplines, for instance, science, math, language/writing. Themes relevant to student’s interests encourage active participation. For example, expressing interest in current hobbies.
This method of teaching links curriculum strands and capitalizaes on children’s interests, creating a sense of purpose in classroom. Thematic learning consists of a curriculum that is unified and dwells on an identified theme or topic, ideally guided by essential questions. The sources are not limited to textbooks. Myriad teaching and learning methods can be used. Projects, cooperative learning, active participation, experiential learning are often highlighted. Thinking and problem solving skills, observation, critical reasoning, analysis and drawing conclusions are key skills in thematic learning.
Kindergartens in Hong Kong choose to use theme based approach because it helps student’s critical thinking skills and can improve as children have to brainstorm ideas. Through this approach student’s base will be secured and they will be able to broaden their horizon. Theme-based approach helps students understand connections and it helps the children see the links between the subjects. In theme based approach students are ought to use their critical thinking skills in order to brainstorm so the chances are less that they might get confused. Moreover, through theme based approach during each lesson different themes that can be taught in order to maintain pupil’s interest.
A concentrated focus on values education helps to prepare individuals to become productive and successful in their interactions with family members, teachers, students and community people. Values education encompasses more than a narrow focus on selected moral values. These include physical, emotional, aesthetic, moral and spiritual dimensions that result in the development of a well-rounded personality with the confidence. Help them focus on self-care, care for others and responsibilities, practicing honesty and kindness. Children’s learning and development is mainly influenced by their family members, school and society and boost their interest in learning so that children will be well prepared for lifelong learning.
Another thing is children’s interest as it is key ingredient in learning and exploring. If children are provided with good and interesting learning environment they tend to gain more knowledge. This combination is effective rather than teacher teaching and students just listening. It makes children wider their thinking skills as it will broaden their horizon. Teachers may still be exhausted and that exhaustion is worth it. It is becoming an issue to deal with the new approach in curriculum 2013 is by creating learning activities through theme-based teaching.”Some experts describe theme-based as an approach to language teaching in whole course is structured around certain themes.” (Brinton at al, 2001 as cited in Yang, 2009) A child finds something that intrigues them, to know more they tend to start collecting information to brainstorm and discover more.
Principles of theme based approach include using a unifying theme that ties all the environment together. First of all, the theme needs to include the instruction. Theme should be interesting for children and it needs to be related to student’s daily life. It does not have to be problem centered and must apply across curriculum. Students and teacher can be involved while selecting a theme. Another principle is instruction is focused on primary learning goals. It must reflect learning needs of students. Teacher should use many kinds of instructional activities so that students would not lose their interest if teacher keeps using the same method, students may get bored. Provide children with different sort of resources and teacher should use authentic assessment to check students’ knowledge and how much they had learnt.
Through theme based approach, students will get to know their own strengths, they will find multiple ways to explore learning and brainstorming. They will also use the skills that they have been acquiring through themes. Through skillful planning the curriculum integrates into a framework that helps out students to get introduced to life skills, academic skills, understanding one’s own skills, critical thinking and ample of opportunities which are provided for children to learn social, cognitive, emotional and physical development which are also recognized as valuable assets which are reflected in our curriculum.
According to DAP1, all areas of development and learning are important which indeed they are. For instance, physical, mental, social and emotional are salient, and are closely connected. Children’s development and learning in one area influences them. The prime areas are salient because they lay the foundations for children’s success in all other areas of life, development and learning. Which are quite essential to children’s lives and for their future.


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