The years and extend to 18 through 22 years

The transition from
childhood to adulthood is a biological and a physiological phenomenon, and the
in-between stage is known as adolescence in all societies, adolescence is about
growing up, about moving from the immaturity of childhood into the maturity of
adulthood, of preparation for the future (Steinberg, 2008). The word adolescence
is derived from the Latin verb “adolescence”, which means “to
grow up” or “to grow to maturity” (Lerner and Steinberg, 2009). It is the period of life between the boundaries
of puberty and maturity, the period during which maturity is being attained,
this is the stage when the road is paved for adulthood and the adolescent’s
identity is found to be developed and crystallized. The study of this
transition stage and the stressors which modulate and modify the growth into
adulthood become important not just for the individual concerned but for the
community and society as a whole.

The concept of
adolescence is socially constructed rather than being biologically determined
and definitions vary, widely among cultures and over time. Current literature also varies
in the age ranges used to define adolescence. According to some definitions,
adolescence may begin as early as seven years and extend to 18 through 22 years
of age (Santrock, 1996). Other definitions describe it as lasting from age 12
to 18 years, or from completion of primary school to graduation from high
school. There is
also a distinction between early adolescence, which includes most pubertal
changes, and late adolescence. Current opinion suggests adolescent issues should be
considered for girls from age 10 and boys from age 11 (Goldenring and Rosen,
2004). However, the period of dependence appears to be getting longer with a
variety of adult behaviours such as leaving home, marriage and economic
independence occurring at later ages (Shuman and Ben-Artzi, 2003). The age range of adolescence can
vary with cultural and historical circumstances, in western societies, the
adolescent period begins at approximately 10 to 13 years of age and ends
between the ages of 18 and 22 (Santrock, 2008). However, the exact ages that
mark the beginning and end of this period are not precisely defined. The stage
of adolescence has lengthened, both at the beginning and the end, because young
people mature earlier physically and because most delay entering into work and
marriage until their mid-20s (Coleman and Hendry, 1999). According to psychologists, adolescence starts
at the age of 12 or 13 year. The growth of adolescence is comparatively earlier
in girls than in boys. Psychologists, generally agree with the following
developmental order of adolescence in boys and girls.

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Current perspectives on adolescent development have evolved
significantly since early conceptualizations of adolescence as a period of
stress and turmoil for most or all adolescents (Lerner and Steinberg, 2009).
The search for universal descriptions for adolescents has been replaced by
recognition of the wide variability that characterizes development during the
second decade of life and to one of opportunities for growth and positive
development. These observations have contributed to interest in individual
differences in the paths and trajectories of development from childhood through
adolescence to adulthood (Santrock, 2008; Lerner and Steinberg, 2009). For the purposes of this research, adolescence
is defined as the period between 12 and 18 years of age inclusive.

 

The transition from
childhood to adulthood is a biological and a physiological phenomenon, and the
in-between stage is known as adolescence in all societies, adolescence is about
growing up, about moving from the immaturity of childhood into the maturity of
adulthood, of preparation for the future (Steinberg, 2008). The word adolescence
is derived from the Latin verb “adolescence”, which means “to
grow up” or “to grow to maturity” (Lerner and Steinberg, 2009). It is the period of life between the boundaries
of puberty and maturity, the period during which maturity is being attained,
this is the stage when the road is paved for adulthood and the adolescent’s
identity is found to be developed and crystallized. The study of this
transition stage and the stressors which modulate and modify the growth into
adulthood become important not just for the individual concerned but for the
community and society as a whole.

The concept of
adolescence is socially constructed rather than being biologically determined
and definitions vary, widely among cultures and over time. Current literature also varies
in the age ranges used to define adolescence. According to some definitions,
adolescence may begin as early as seven years and extend to 18 through 22 years
of age (Santrock, 1996). Other definitions describe it as lasting from age 12
to 18 years, or from completion of primary school to graduation from high
school. There is
also a distinction between early adolescence, which includes most pubertal
changes, and late adolescence. Current opinion suggests adolescent issues should be
considered for girls from age 10 and boys from age 11 (Goldenring and Rosen,
2004). However, the period of dependence appears to be getting longer with a
variety of adult behaviours such as leaving home, marriage and economic
independence occurring at later ages (Shuman and Ben-Artzi, 2003). The age range of adolescence can
vary with cultural and historical circumstances, in western societies, the
adolescent period begins at approximately 10 to 13 years of age and ends
between the ages of 18 and 22 (Santrock, 2008). However, the exact ages that
mark the beginning and end of this period are not precisely defined. The stage
of adolescence has lengthened, both at the beginning and the end, because young
people mature earlier physically and because most delay entering into work and
marriage until their mid-20s (Coleman and Hendry, 1999). According to psychologists, adolescence starts
at the age of 12 or 13 year. The growth of adolescence is comparatively earlier
in girls than in boys. Psychologists, generally agree with the following
developmental order of adolescence in boys and girls.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


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Current perspectives on adolescent development have evolved
significantly since early conceptualizations of adolescence as a period of
stress and turmoil for most or all adolescents (Lerner and Steinberg, 2009).
The search for universal descriptions for adolescents has been replaced by
recognition of the wide variability that characterizes development during the
second decade of life and to one of opportunities for growth and positive
development. These observations have contributed to interest in individual
differences in the paths and trajectories of development from childhood through
adolescence to adulthood (Santrock, 2008; Lerner and Steinberg, 2009). For the purposes of this research, adolescence
is defined as the period between 12 and 18 years of age inclusive.

 

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