The ever wondered “Who were the indians?” If

The Algonquian TribeBy: Amber Wilson    Intro   Imagine yourself walking in the woods, there is a small clearing, you see women making wigwams and men carving a canoe.  There is a  Medicine Men trying to help a sick woman in a wigwam.  There are two men coming back from fishing.  You have just entered the Algonquin territory.  Have you ever wondered “Who were the indians?”  If you did then I will tell you about the Algonquian tribes:  homes, food, religion, ceremonies, clothing, weapons, tools, war, family, environment, orgen story, migration route, etc.Homes          Back then the Algonquian people didn’t have bricks, cement, tile, or inclination so they made their own homes called wigwams.  They made the wigwams by bending birch bark poles into a dome shaped frame then they secured the poles with birch bark strips and tying them onto the poles.  Next, they covered the bottom with a reed skirt.  After that they covered the dome in birch bark squares.  Then, they secured the squares with more birch bark strips.  As a door they used a piece of leather hide.  Inside there was a stone fireplace in the middle for heat.  The dirt inside was covered with fire sticks, which served  as an insulation and kept the family heated.  The women took the wigwams apart and toted them from place to place and set them up again and again.  They used the wigwams to sleep in and to perform rituals.  I got this information from     The Algonquian people could not eat out at Red Ginger, or Firefly, but instead they hunted, farmed, and gathered.Gathering      The food that the Algonquian people gathered might have included, berries, wild rice, nuts, wheat, and tobacco.  They gathered the wild rice by going in a canoe across the stream and then whacked it with a stick with a curved end and it then fell in their canoe all ready for cooking.  To collect berries and tobacco the women went  into the woods with a basket and looked for the berries with is called gathering.Hunting     The Algonquian tribe could not go to your local food market and buy fresh cut meat ready for a spice rub, but instead they hunted raccoon, bear, squirrel, whale, caribou, seal, moose, and beaver.  They hunted these animals with spears, arrows, and bows. There was couple different ways to arrange meat.  The first way was to cook it, by roasting or boiling it over a fire, and then eat it straight away.  The second way was to smoke the meat, as a way to keep it, and then save it to eat in the future.  If you ask me I could not live of of meat pretty much everyday.FarmingThere was no easy way to farm back then.  They farmed corn, bean, and squash.  They used fish to fertilize their crops.  The women do the farming as well as the house making.  They might have made a vegetable soup with these foods.  Once more, I could not live off of vegetable soup.  Plus all of the food would have a fish after taste.Religions  The Algonquin had a few religions, these religions were that  they believed that there was a holy world that merged all the time with the real world.  There was a  main spirit  that circled all life.  Algonquians called this amazing spirit ‘Kitchie Manitou’ or the ‘Great Spirit’.  The ‘Kitchie Manitou’ was present in all living and nonliving things.  The only people who could communicate with and control the spirits were the ‘Shamans’ or ‘Medicine Men’.  According to legend, people who were lost in the woods and starving,  sometimes would resort to cannibalism and become Wendigos. These people would return home from the forest only to become violent and antisocial.They would be overcome by the urge to eat human flesh,  thus giving more power to the Wendigos.      The Algonquin people had a lot of weird ceremonies, they feasted to the 3 main stages in life, these 3 main stages are birth, puberty, and death.  They painted their faces to show their feelings.  “Red = lifeBlack = death or eternal griefPurple = royalty or to mark special occasions.”   Fashion masks were used to cure diseases and scare off evil spirits during these ceremonies.’Wampum’ or small beads were made from shells, were also important parts of religious  ceremonies. The beads were strung together to make strings, belts, and sashes.Clothing      The Algonquin clothing was mostly made out of mammal, bird, and fish skins.  (some with the fur still on it some without.)  They made animal skin coat,  Naskapi or robe, Mi’kmaq moccasins, Leggings, Breechcloth, Mi’kmaq Chief’s coat, Mi’kmaq peaked hat, Naskapi mittens, and Chippewa moccasins.Women Clothing      The Algonquin women mostly wore a robe leggings, a skirt, and moccasins.  The women typically wore a dress rather than pants and a shirt.  Since the Algonquin women could not become chief  they could not wear the chief coat. Men clothing      The men typically wore less than women because they could not hunt and get enough tops and bottoms for everyone.  In the fall and winter they have to do more hunting because of winter and because of how cold it was, they could not live in a breechcloth all winter long.  The men usually wore a breechcloth in the summer,  and buffalo hide in the winter, but they sometimes wore a robe,  and leggings.      Most of the tools they made were made out of wood or bark.  To hunt larger animals they used bows and arrows, Mostly made from wood.   For smaller animals they used traps and snares.  For fishing they used hooks, nets, and wires.  Cooking was done in containers made from birch wood,  which was carved.WARWar is never good, thankfully the Algonquins very rarely went to a full-pleged war, although fighting did occur. “Since Algonquian village-bands (small, localized groups of people) were independent of one another, the relations between neighbouring Algonquian groups usually varied locally.  The Algonquian relationship with the Iroquois also varied throughout the years. Often times relations were hostile.”               Family is always important, especially to the algonquin tribe.  Without a Mom and a Dad the children would starve to death because all the crops would die, therefore not providing any food for the children. There were specific family roles for both the men and women.Men were responsible for all the hunting and fishing, and sometimes they  traveled great distances to catch food for the family.  Women stayed near the house to look after the children. They tended to the crops and collected nuts, berries, and edible plants.  The women prepared the animal skins and made all the clothing.  Only one family lived together in a single wigwam.  Unlike the Iroquois longhouses,  more than one family could live in a longhouse.EnvironmentThe Algonquian people lived in a beautiful environment.  They lived by the Atlantic coast also near a gorgeous birch forest were the birds are chirping 24/7.  They also lived in the Deciduous forests of southern Ontario,the St. Lawrence lowlands,Deciduous-coniferous forests of the Canadian Shield, and the Appalachian upland.  Which was a big step down from the warm birch forest. Summary on Origin StoryMother Earth had two sons, Lose Clamp (good) and Nelson (bad).  Nelson grew tired of Loose Camp and tried to kill Lose Clamp with his weakness, a cat tail, and he did, but since good was so powerful Lose Clamp rose from the dead and killed Nelson with his weakness, a fern.  Until this day Nelson, deap under the Earth, torments humans and animals with fears of death.    Origin StoryIn the beginning two spirits were somend by mother earth, they were named Lose Clamp and the other Nelson.  Lose clamp was good, wise, and creative; Nelson was, evil, selfish, and destructive.  Many years later Mother Earth died.  Lose Clamp went to work creating plants, animals, and humans, Nelson in contrast made poisonous plants and snakes.  Nelson soon grew tired of his brother and wanted to kill him with his weakness, an owl feather.  Nelson killed his brother, but good was so powerful that he rose from the dead.  Lose Clamp knew his brother would kill him as long as he was alive, so he got Nelson’s weakness a fearn, and told Nelson another weakness of his, a cat tail.  As Nelson trough the cat tail at Lose Clamp he through the fern at him, Nelson died and Lose Clamp lived, but Nelson deep inside the earth turned into an evil spirit and to this day occasionally torments humans and animals with fears of death. my opinion I think this is a true story because it is possible that mother earth could have two sons and one was bad and one was good and one died,Migration Route     With all the natural waterways in the Eastern Woodlands, the people living there became pro-paddlers.Between the Great Lakes, St. Lawrence River and the Atlantic Ocean, along with other rivers and lakes.  People were able to travel great distances by boat in order to fish or hunt.The slim birch bark canoes were the main source of shipment during the summer.  Birch bark was a working material to use because it was strong, but light,  therefore making the canoe easier to paddle and carey.  Birch trees were also big in the area.Birch bark strips were stitched together and added to the wooden body using clean root as a meach. The hem were fixed with prim gum.The canoes were simple to repair. If there was a cut, a new piece of bark could be stitched in and fixed with prim gum.  The Eastern Woodlands Algonquians were semi-nomadic people. Since hunting was their main source of food, they lived a lifestyle that was conducive to moving around on a regular basis to follow their food.Most Eastern Woodland Hunters moved into villages during the summer to live with other families and take turns caring for crops. They would stay for the summer when food was abundant, then pick up and move in the fall, in time for the tougher winter months.ConclusionIn conclusion the Algonquin people made some complex homes, they ate weird foods, their religions were pretty creepy, their ceremonies were really weird, they wore little clothing in the summer and a lot in the winter.  They never had a war and their family was important.  They lived in a beautiful environment, their origin story was really unusual, and their migration route was hard.  But most importantly, their life was way harder than mine and yours.  They never had TVs or running water, their life was brutal.GlossaryGlossary; an alphabetical list of terms or words found in or relating to a specific subject, text, or dialect, with explanations; a brief dictionary.Wigwam; a dome-shaped hut or tent made by fastening mats, skins, or bark over a framework of poles, used by some North American Indian peoples.Origin story; In entertainment, an origin 232story is an account or back-story revealing how a character or group of people become a protagonist or antagonist, and adds to the overall study of a narrative, often giving reasons for their intentions.Medicine Man;  a person believed to have magical powers of healing and of seeing into the future; a shaman.Cannibalism; practice of eating the flesh of one’s own speciesTerritory; an area of land under the jurisdiction of a ruler or stateSpirit; the non physical part of a person that is the seat of emotions and character; the soul. Rituals; a religious or solemn ceremony consisting of a series of actions performed according to a prescribed order.Summery; a brief statement or account of the main points of something.Bibliography         


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