The Malay Peninsula have been colonized under foreign power for hundred years and 31st August 1957 was the independence date of the nation. Sabah and Sarawak joined later in 1963 that forming Malaysia in 9th September 1963.
The independence marked a good inception for architects to shape the state skyline and to review their source of reference. Earlier than, before the independence, architects have been influenced by the foreign ascendancy. This change of condition in the land which they had been living in, work and made buildings on it has architects doubting if their solutions before the colonial days suited the population. It should be noted that all the inhabitants went through torturous day under Japan invasion and following that roughly a year and a week, occupation of Kuomintang enough to ingrain negative image in people on the subject of colonialism. Following that, British occupiers resumed control, such that the people united together to bring Malay Peninsula to independence.
Since the populace were still recovering from the tragic event and the spirit of teamwork had been established which discourages the insertion of foreign influences, it is improbable that architects from those day could win the populace (and projects) with the strategies and solutions they have developed during the colonial days. Different approaches needed to be figured out in order to win the populace (and projects) at that time. The lack of discourses, research and documentations on Malaysian architectural identity are among the factors that contributed to persistent misunderstanding of architecture identity and it’s associations with political, economic, and social-cultural context of Malaysia. The question is, what kind of approach they use, and after that, does these approaches work out instead?Before a further discussion about finding the Malaysian architectural identity, a tragic tragedy occurred that cracked the foundation of the country where the racial riots broke loose on the 13th May 1969. In it is aftermath, resulting the New Economic Policy was established and the ‘Rukun Negara’ was formulated as the root encouraging of a more harmonious and unity among the races.
Thus in multi-ethnicity Malaysia the need to evolve a national culture is not only for projecting a distinct national identity overseas, but most importantly because it is very validity as a national entity depends a great deal on the cultural unity among the various communities. The National Congress that was held in 1971 announced three principles for the national cultures which are: