The role of mindfulness on stress in student athletes plays factors that interfere with this relationship has not yet to be examined. Correspondingly, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between mindfulness and life stress in student-athletes and if these relationships are interfering through coping effectiveness and choice efficiency. Participants were 202 student athletes who completed the necessary measures of demonstrating mindfulness, student athletes who had life stress and athletes who made decision on meditation as a coping strategy in sport. Results indicated that the act of awareness and non-judging facets of mindfulness were negative predictors of life stress, considering the observe facet was a positive predictor in life stress. Mediation also revealed that the relationships were mediated through coping effectiveness and making the decision to meditate. These finding provided new judgement into the role of dispositional mindfulness effects on student-athlete perceptions on life stress and the implications for practitioners are discussed.
The main issue in this article was to identify the role of mindfulness and how each of its facets has its effects on life stress in student athletes and also look at the variables that interfere with these relationships. The participants were 202 UK student athletes all together when dividing them into genders there were 150 males and 52 females that participated. The average age for this study was 19 years of age, who were competing in a sport during their undergrad degree at the time of the data being collected. In this study, the paradigm of inquiry that I believe the researchers our drawn upon was “positivism”. In this study, there is a constant reality that student athletes find that their sport performance is hindered as well as their physical and mental health when life stress is an influence. Student athletes have an array of high demands coming from peers, training, education, matches, coaches and also travel. Also, this can be measured objectively by student academic skills, time-management, interpersonal relationships and also career searching. The pressure of balancing all these demands have a drastic exhaustion on these student athletes and can be crucial. The mythology in this study is “phenomenology” as a result of the researchers they set aside their own biases and experiences and focused on the athletes meaning of living experiences as a concept. Student athletes shared a lot of the similarities. E.g. “I worry about my unstable competitive performance” many athletes had these comments in common about their own persona of themselves. Data collection methods were assessed by using a mindfulness 39-item facet questionnaire. This questionnaire measured the tendency of an individual and their use of each five facets of mindfulness in daily use. The five facets were: observe, describe, act with awareness, no reactivity, and nonjudgment of the inner experience. “These items were rated on a 5-point scale starting from 1 (never or very rarely true) to 5 (very often or always true)”. Another Data collection method that was involved in this study was The College Student-Athletes’ Life Stress Scale. The scale ranged from 1 (never) to 6 (always). The study did not include any sports injuries or romantic relationships as a result not all participants would have been injured or be in a romantic relationship at the time of the data collection. Data analysis procedures, researchers administered the questionnaires to all participants at the start of the second semester, which followed an exam period, which students were involved with finishing the assessments along with stabilizing academic study. The findings from this research study provided practical information for athletes and coaches as well as aim to help student athletes mange life stress that is associated with multiple demands. Also encourage more corresponding thoughts and feelings towards student athletes in the present moment.
Description of an alternative methodology & method:
Grounded theory could have been an alternative methodology resulting from using different data collection methods to define the procedures of what the researchers are looking for. The student athletes gave a strong background of what it’s like to be stressed versus reviewing what stress is for student athletes would implement specific context for data analysis to be objectified numerically. I think grounded theory is appropriate or perhaps even better choice for this study because grounded theory is all about constructing the theory. Exploring and discovering new areas of a phenomenology especially in this study where we already know that stress hinders performance. Grounded theory would be “expected” to work with a sense of producing curious results which could have an effect on student athletes in the society. Therefore, there could be a disparity in the context of Student athletes that are stressed versus student athletes that are not.
Reference / Citation:
Cosh, S., & Tully, P. J. (2015). Stressors, coping, and support mechanisms for student athletes combining elite sport and tertiary education: Implications for practice. The Sport Psychologist, 29(2), 120-133.
Elite-sport and education is stressful and may result in low educational. Research, however has been exploring the specific stressors that are encountered by student athletes and coping strategies resulting in limited knowledge on how to support student athletes. Interviews were conducted with 20 Australian University student athletes were organized to participate in a thematic analysis. Interviewees reported coming across a numerous number of stresses, especially related to fatigue, financial pressures and inflexible coaches. Some athletes identified a few coping mechanisms, but reported some support from parents and coaches were predominant. Athletes would benefit from several areas such as effective use of time, self-care, time management and other specific strategies for coping with stress. Coaches have the opportunity to play a role in helping successful assimilation of sport and education.
The issue of this study is to further examine the stresses that the student athletes report of encountering as well as coping strategies and support mechanisms that they draw upon. Participants in the study contain 20 Australian athletes 12 female and 8 male that competed in a range of individual or team sports. Of the participating 9 athletes were competing at an international level and 11 at a national level. The athletes were aged from a range between 18 and 33 years of age and half of the athletes were in the first year of education. I believe the paradigm of inquiry used in this research paper is “constructivism” It is therefore possible to have multiple socially constructed realities that may be considered correct. The methodology is this study resulted in a “case study”. The researchers placed themselves in their participants shoes by conducting interviews and learning from their situation and experiences and understanding that most of these athletes have reported to have to sacrifice their education to succeed in sports. Data collection in this study was done across an all interview spectrum. In the interview athletes were asked to outline their sport and program before characterizing their own experiences. For data analysis procedures athletes were recruited through an e-mail sent by the school for support services for elite athletes enrolled at the University. Interviews were audio recorded and then transferred to the research assistant. The data were then analyzed using thematic analysis outlining key and recurrent themes common across all interviews. Findings have shown that coping strategies are crucial for student athletes to manage time management skills, self-care and better learning strategies for success.
Description of an alternative methodology & method:
Narrative theory could have been an alternative methodology resulting from using individual experiences as social and personal interactions of the story teller. For this research paper, long interview techniques were a structured way to gather data and process reports for examinations for further studies. I acknowledged the methods of this study that was chosen to be conducted on the student athletes. I think this is the most appropriate method or perhaps the best way to conduct this study because collecting each individual’s story is the best way to relate the information to the broader public to understand more about these issues. The researcher used a thematic analysis to join the interviews and placed them into themes. Thor aim was to find a common which was “avoidance coping” this approach allowed for further gathering and investigation of looking for a universal truth behind stress coping.