The Need for Applied Linguistics in Teaching English Learners

The Need for Applied Linguistics in Teaching English Learners (ELL’s)
Applied Linguistics is an extensive and comprehensive subject. According to the Linguistic Society of America, applied linguistics try to offer resolutions to actual life problems associated with the languages. Although it includes many areas such as psychology and sociology, specifically in education, the relationship and importance of applied linguistics in teaching English has been established. Due to the increase of the foreign population, in school districts, the number of students who do not speak English continues to increase. Applied linguistics has become a necessity in modern teaching. This has had as a consequence that the teachers look for successful strategies and develop programs that support this population in learning English as a second language. Applied linguistics helps the teacher as a professional, encourages the student’s progress in the cognoscitive development and supports the student in the social theme.
To begin with, applied linguistics helps the teacher as a professional. “The term ‘applied linguistics’ refers to a broad range of activities which involve solving some language-related problem or addressing some language-related concern” (Tucker,2012). A teacher who understands and knows applied linguistics is a teacher better prepared to teach a language. This teacher is prepared to recognize difficult and challenging problems in relating language. Linguistic preparation provides the teachers a tool to better explain the detailed language piece they teach. In addition, a teacher who understands the applied linguistics concept is able to convey and lead the right information for the learner. For educators, applied linguistics is an added value as a professional.
Likewise, applied linguistics in teaching English encourage the student’s progress in the cognoscitive development. For a student to learn English as a second language is not easy. As part of applied linguistics, the teacher must investigate and try to find solutions that facilitate the learning of English Language Learners (ELL’s). As part of that solutions to encourage learning, preparing creative activities is significant. According to the needs of the student, the design of the curriculum and the planning of the course become a priority. On the other hand, assessments are another tool to support the students to learn English. It is an important tool that shows that what they have been learning. “Assessment serves as the key to check on learning, providing essential information to teachers” (Fox & Cheng, 2018). The assessment could help the teacher to use the appropriate teaching techniques and continue allowing the student’s development.
Equally important, applied linguistics in teaching English socially supports the second language learners. It is common to observe students with socialization problems due to not being able to master the English language. “Language is one of the most powerful emblems of social behavior” (Wolfram, 2012). Not having an effective communication avoids contact with other students while creating withdrawn and even solitary students. Applied linguistics can positively influence the learner’s attitude towards the language of study. Also, applied linguistics provides the student’s confidence by giving strategies that help to improve the language practicing. It also supports to be able to make an adequate planning emphasizing the social needs of the student.
In conclusion, although applied linguistics includes many areas, the relationship, and importance of applied linguistics in education has been established. As a consequence of the increase of the population of students who do not speaks English, the teachers have been looking for successful strategies and develop programs that support this group in the learning of English language. Applied linguistics helps the teacher as a professional, encourages the student’s progress in the cognoscitive development and supports the student find a balance in their social relations.
References
English Learners. (2018). Center for Applied Linguistics: Retrieved from http://www.cal.org/areas-of-impact/english-learners
Fox, J., & Cheng, L. (2018). Applied linguistics: Empowering language learning through assessment. One Stop English: Retrieved from http://www.onestopenglish.com/methodology/teaching-articles/applied-linguistics-for-the-language-classroom/applied-linguistics-empowering-language-learning-through-assessment/555928.article
McQuerrey, L. (May 11, 2018). The Importance of Linguistics to a Language Teacher. Chron: Retrieved from http://work.chron.com/importance-linguistics-language-teacher-14459.html
Tucker, G. (2012). Applied Linguistics. Linguistic Society of America: Retrieved from https://www.linguisticsociety.org/resource/applied-linguistics
What is linguistics and why study it? (2017). The University of Arizona: Retrieved from https://linguistics.arizona.edu/content/what-linguistics-and-why-study-it-0
Wolfram, W. (2012). Sociolinguistics. Linguistic Society of America: Retrieved from https://www.linguisticsociety.org/resource/sociolinguistics