The Ministry of Education as early as 1954 recognized that the social problems of the youths led to many teenage pregnancies, therefore they had to design and implement the Guidance programme in the schools to lessen this incident and to empower young people to have greater value on themselves.
Brewer (1942) lists four conditions which were thought to have led to the rise of guidance in the United States of America- the division of labour, the growth of technology, the extension of vocational education, and the spread of modern forms of democracy. These four conditions were similar to societal problems in Jamaica therefore guidance counselling was introduced in Jamaica.
Over the years Guidance and counselling has evolved and plays an integral role in the educational mission of every school. Guidance and counselling services and programs promote the personal/social, educational, and career development of all students.
The Guidance and Counselling Unit in the Ministry of Education, Youth and Information has launched a policy in January 2018 which aimed at creating certain objectives, strategies and performance standards for the guidance and counselling profession in schools. The Policy sets up a framework around the operations of guidance counsellors and a strategy to hold counsellors and schools accountable.According to the Webster dictionary a guidance counsellor is a person who gives help and advice to students about educational and personal decisions. They are required to be the school primary role model of the whole adult. The counselor is by profession, an educator, communicator, consultant and educator. Their main roles and functions are: to assist the principal to understand and value the purpose of the Guidance Programme.
To find preventative, interventive, administrative, supportive and personal/ professional development measures to