The God of Small Things

The God of Small Things, by Arundhati Roy, is a novel well-known for its non-chronological order of events that lead to various incidents. In The God of Small Things, Rahel and Estha’s mother, Ammu, goes against the laws that states ‘who should be loved, and how and how much’ when she has an affair with Velutha. This essay will focus the significance of the title and how its significant mainly in relation to Velutha.
Firstly, a relationship with someone other than that of your social status is inconceivable in India. A woman who conveys such a humiliating act would be rejected by her caste. The Indian Constitution of 1949 banned the caste system and discrimination based on social status, however it’s clear throughout the novel that there are specific social rules that continues that must be obeyed, specifically in terms of who can interact with whom. Ammu is already scowled upon for being a divorced woman, which seems to be a communal perspective in the Indian society, who returns home with her children. Estha and
Rahel, the twins, begin to accept that they are greatly affected when their mother’s affair is exposed.
Secondly, after the affair with a woman whose status is higher than his, the title summarizes the role assigned for Velutha in the novel. He was the God of Small Things. Everything he is and does is small. He could make intricate toys such as tiny windmills, rattles and minute jewel boxes. Roy describes him as flawless. He is a strong and sturdy talented carpenter. He is well-educated. Yet his traits are still looked at as small because of his social class. They were all regarded as small things as they still didn’t help him upper his class. Regardless of his abilities, he is still considered as a Paravan. He is accepted by Ipes only if he is useful. Therefore, it is impossible for him to cross the boundary between classes and that is why all the things he does and all he can do are considered small.
In addition, Velutha adds to the identity as the God of Small Things at the end of the novel when we acquire more information and details about Ammu and Velutha’s first romantic encounters. With the knowledge of their impossibilities for their love to exist in the real world, they avoid talking or thinking about the future, or the ‘big things’, they stick to the here and now small things.
To conclude, Velutha’s relationship with Ammu illustrates the way he chose to ignore societal rules for the sake of love, and how this decision is in due course what led to his death. Nothing wrong was being done by Velutha loving Ammu. Still, it’s shown how his low social position allows him to become an easy target. The police felt minimal remorse for brutally beating him. His death was shaped by his social class, unfortunately just as his life was.
?