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The urinary system has important role in your body. The system is located below the intestines. The role is to remove waste from your body. The two main organs are the bladder and the kidneys. The paper will have two non-infectious diseases and four facts about the urinary system. Did you know that there are several types of kidney stones in dogs?Kidney stones are caused by an excess of salt in your kidneys. The bigger the surface area, the more it grows. There are different circumstances of kidney stones forming, such as very little fluids and a lot of salt. This would cause a buildup of salt, thus causing kidney stones to form. If the crystals get too big, they may cause a block in the urinary system. The symptoms of having kidney stones include; severe pain in the side and back below the ribs, pain that radiates to the lower abdomen and groin, pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity, pain on urination, pink, red or brown urine, cloudy or foul-smelling urine, nausea and vomiting, persistent need to urinate, urinating more often than usual, fever and chills if an infection is present and urinating small amounts.Kidney stones are made of various different substances such as Calcium oxalate, monohydrate Calcium, oxalate dihydrate, Calcium phosphate, Magnesium phosphate, Ammonium phosphate, Ammonium, magnesium phosphate, Calcium hydroxy phosphate, Uric, acid and salts. The way to prevent the bladder stones is to drink lots of water. The water will dilute the minerals in your bladder or kidney. The way you determine how much you drink is dependent on your height, size, and age.The cases of kidney stones are unknown, but seven factors may in cress your chances of getting them. Now here is a list of the types of kidney stones. calcium stones, most kidney stonesare calcium stones, usually in the form of calcium oxalate. calcium oxalate is a naturally occurring substance found in food and is also made daily by your liver. Struvite stones, struvite stones form in response to an infection, such as a urinary tract infection. These stones can grow quickly and become quite large, sometimes with few symptoms or little warning. Uric acid stones form when you have a deficiency of fluids in your kidneysKidney stones were discovered in the year 4 AD. In the middle ages, they called these stones lithotomies. In the middle ages, they did not have anesthesia or antibiotics. Because of this, many people skipped the surgery that would get them out. The number of deaths form the stones was frighteningly high in the middle ages. Today, thanks to modern medicine, more people survive having bladder stones.The method of modern kidney stone removal was developed in the last half century. The method of how they find the kidney stones is called ESWL (shock wave lithotripsy). The method was further developed for the treatment of kidney stones in the human body in 1980. The treatment requires gel on the spot of where the kidney or bladder stone is. Next, they put a device where the gel is. They then turn on the ESWL and then the ESWL proceeds to find the bladder or kidney stone.Bladder stones generally need to be removed surgically. Your doctor may recommend drinking a lot of water each day to help a small stone pass naturally. However, because bladder stones are often caused by the inability to empty the bladder completely, this may not be enough to make the stone pass. Most cases require removal of the stones. Bladder stones are removedwith a process called cystolitholapaxy. The method in which how they do that is that they stick a small tube with a camera at the end anda insert it through your urethra. Once they push the camera through the urethra, it will get into your bladder. Here, it is able to view the stone. Your doctor then uses a laser, ultrasound, or a mechanical device to break the stone into small pieces. The surgeon then flushes the pieces from your bladder. Before the procedure, they will numb your lower body.Bladder cancer is the most common cancers. Over 68,000 adults get infected each year in the U.S alone. 5% of new cancer cases is bladder cancer. It is more likely for men to get bladder cancer then women. There were about 16,870 deaths from bladder cancer about 12,240 in men and 4,630 in women in 2017.Bladder cancer begins when cells in the urinary bladder start to grow uncontrollably. As more cancer cells develop, they can form a tumor and spread to other areas of the body there is two types of bladder cancer Urothelial carcinoma and Squamous cell carcinomaOne of the risk factors that could result in getting bladder cancer is smoking cigarettes may increase the risk of bladder cancer by causing harmful chemicals to accumulate in the urine. When you smoke, your body processes the chemicals in the cigarette and excretes some of them in your urine. These harmful chemicals may damage the lining of your bladder, which can increase your risk of cancer.Your kidneys play a key role in filtering harmful chemicals from your bloodstream and moving them into your bladder. Because of this, it’s thought that being around certain chemicals may increase the risk of bladder cancer. Chemicals linked to bladder cancer risk include arsenicand chemicals used in the manufacture of dyes, rubber, leather, textiles and paint products. Treatment with the anti-cancer drug increases the risk of bladder cancer. People who received radiation treatments aimed at the pelvis for a previous cancer have an higher risk of developing bladder cancer. If you’ve had bladder cancer, you’re more likely to get it again. If one of your relatives, such as a parent, sibling or child has a history of bladder cancer, you may have an increased risk of the disease, although it’s rare for bladder cancer to run in families.The way to prevent bladder cancer is not to smoke cigarettes or cigars and eat a healthy diet also drink lots of water. 50% of the cases of bladder cancer are men who smoked and 20% of the cases of bladder cancer are women who smoked. and the other 30% is from random chance. The symptoms are blood in the urine and frequent urination. In 2012 165000 people died because of bladder cancer. The test that is needed is a cystoscopy. A tube goes up your urethra, biopsy is a test that takes out tissue for testing, and urine cytology is a test where they take cells and put them under a microscope.The kidney is an important part of the body because the kidney process waste from the body. The kidney can filter 1000000 gallons of water in its lifetime, that is more than enough to fill a small lake. Urin is m

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