The explanation to why Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr dueled is complicated. Put simply, Hamilton wrote a letter that was then published in the Albany register. In this letter, Hamilton attacked Burr’s qualifications to be governor of NY as he was running at the time. Burr, being a gentleman, gave Hamilton the chance to apologize over letter, which would have solved the whole situation, but Hamilton decided to defend himself, which made the problem worse. Although this was the inciting incident, there had been long term animosity between the two for ages centering around political opposition.
Hamilton decided to not only throw away his first shot, but also to not retaliate at all to Burr’s shots. Hamilton says that the reasoning behind this was to give Burr two times the chance to reflect on the situation, so he possibly could change his mind. In addition Hamilton believed that approaching the duel in that way would bring him more honor.The duel between Burr and Hamilton had a negative effect on Burr’s political career. As said in the book, with the news and explanation of Hamilton’s death, Burr becomes the most hated government official since Benedict Arnold. In the dinner, Madison’s stand on debt is just a repudiation of Hamilton’s plan. Madison was initially opposed to Hamilton’s recommendation on the funding for domestic debt.
Hamilton proposed that veterans get reimbursed for government securities that were issued during war, but many veterans sold their securities for a portion of the cost, which Madison found unfair. This point, however true, was not enough to sway the government. The next problem Madison had with Hamilton’s plan centered around assumption. He found that each state having to help pay off the debt of others was unfair as some states, such as Virginia, had already payed off most of their wartime debts.
Hamilton had a very clear and concise plan laid out to fix the debt in America. The first step to his plan centered around public credit. He proposed that the government reimburse all the securities that they gave to soldiers during the war. He then suggested that all debt from each state be consolidated and given to the federal government. Then each state would be taxed enough to increase revenue, so America could pay their debts off. Madison’s and Hamilton’s views represent the future of the US, as they begin to represent the eventual political parties.
Madison’s views would become those of the democratic-republicans, with him focusing on smaller businesses and an agrarian economy. Hamilton’s views represent those of the future federalist party, as he was pro-bank and believed that capitol belonged in the hands of a few wealthy investors. The major problem that occured when the Quakers tried to break the silence was that congress was prohibited by the constitution on passing laws having to do with the slave trade till 1808, therefore nothing real could come of the Quaker’s petitions. Benjamin Franklin made the matter of slavery his final issue, by not only signing the Pennsylvania Abolition Societies petition, but by also becoming president of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society in 1787. At this time period in history there were 3 major issues with slavery. The first problem had to do with the fragility of America. The pro-slavery and the anti-slavery sides were causing hostility between the northern and southern states which began to threaten the newfound union.
The last two problems discussed during this period had to do with the emancipation of slaves; where will the slaves go once freed, and how would America compensate the slave owners for their ‘property’. There was no real direct outcome of the silence. Congress passed three repudiations to the constitution. The core one being the confirmation that congress did not have the authority to abolish slavery. The silence also started a series of conversations that would lead to the civil war and create schisms between proslavery and antislavery states.There were two major points that Washington made in his farewell. First, Washington stressed the importance of national unity specifically denouncing political parties that did not care to cooperate. He then stressed the importance of foreign policy, during which he asked for American neutrality and diplomatic independence from Europe.
Jefferson and Madison and most Americans were against Jay’s treaty as they felt that it was a reversal of the American Revolution as the whole situation reminded them too much of a monarchy. Washington and Hamilton supported Jay’s treaty as they thought it was the best way to avoid war with England as the USs was unequipped to go to war.The Whiskey Rebellion is significant as it changed Jefferson’s views on Washington. Prior to the rebellion his opinion started to change, but after the change was definite. Jefferson began to believe that Washington was a senile old man and was a puppet for Hamilton. This idea allowed Jefferson’s federalist conspiracy to play out without ever touching on Washington.
The elections of 1796 and 1800 were different because of one thing, political parties. The election of 1800 had Thomas Jefferson running for the Democratic-Republicans party and John Adams running for the Federalist Party. It was the first election that parties wanted to win and have control over the government, instead of the most qualified individual. The election of 1800 is significant in creating bipartisanship as it was the first election that had prominent political parties.
The Federalist and Republican parties soon learned that in order for them to get what they wanted they would need to compromise, so the parties began to make deals that would puch different aspects of their agendas forward. John Adams inherited one main problem; the Federalist and Republican parties were more divided than ever. General dislike changed to ideological warfare as people began to think that the opposing party was a deserter of the American revolution. One slightly smaller problem that Adams inherited was the threat of war with France and many issues of foreign policy.
Personally I think the bigger problem John Adams inherited was the schism forming between the political parties in America, as an ununited country can fall victim to a multitude of problems much easier than a united one.The XYZ Affair led to to anti-French sentiment as Americans felt as though they were not treated correctly. America was expecting there peace delegation to be received graciously, but in actuality they foreign minister of France, Talleyrand, refused to see the delegation and requested a bribe. The end result on the Immigration and Sedition Acts on John Adams was his loss in the election of 1800, due to the majority of people thinking that the acts were violating the American Revolution. There were two greater purpose of Adams’ and Jefferson’s correspondence. The first being the unfinished business between Adams and Jefferson, especially Adams’ view that Jefferson dominates the history of the American Revolution.
The second and more plausible reason is that Adams and Jefferson choose to correspond for prosperity, to end the revolution gracefully, and to leave future people with their thought and ideas.