Thehistorical of weapon monitoring system dated back in year 1947 during the ColdWar era.
At that time, the Quick Reaction Alert readiness is used in NATO basesto forces numbers of bombs that were stored in a heavily secured weapon storagearea located near or on .the base.. Then in year 1988, themonitoring system have been improved to deployment of the WS3 system thatconsists of aWeapon .Storage2 Vault (WSV) and electronic monitoring andcontrol systems.
The electronic systems include various classified sensors,electronic data-transmission and security equipment such as video, motiondetectors, closed circuit TV coupled with thermal imaging devices. These2 enables .remote controlled weaponsafety..This system was widespread use by year 1995 (WikiVisually.com, n.d.
). Initially, the first monitoring systembased on sensor that have been created and apply in military was theinternational water monitoring system. They were later extended and nowadays,are mainly used in all types of perimeter surveillance applications. as an example .
advanced integratedborder security. system. .In the past decade, NATOhas made tremendous efforts in order to develop modern battlefield complementarysystems in order to achieve a high degree of tactical efficiency and level ofpersonnel safety. (?uriši?, Tafa, Dimi?, & Milutinovi?, 2012). .Good tactical andoperational training of armed forces personnel usually translates into highcombat efficiency, human protection and an overall increased rate of missionsuccess. The best way of achieving this goal and, at the same time, keepingevery participant as safe as possible, is through the use of highly technicalintegrated training systems.
Many armed forces worldwide, including NATO’sjoint force command, are using different versions of such technical systems.We’ve had the opportunity of observing such a complex military trainingenvironment that is currently in use. During our participation in theequipping, deployment and operational stages we have observed some difficultiesthat have been met and that put the administrative and tactical personnel tothe test. The most important issues where related to communication challengesand efforts have been made in order to surpass them. (Grumazescu, Vl?du??, & Suba?u, 2016). Nowadays,WSN is one of theupcoming technologies in the field of wireless communication which can play aneffective role in the monitoring of the remote areas for applications likemilitary surveillance, seismic activity monitoring, earthquake detection anddisaster relief operations etc.
WSN is defined as acollection of the specialized transducers enabled with a suitable communicationinfrastructure designed for either monitoring or recording different designedconditions at diverse locations. The commonly monitored parameters using asensor network include temperature, pressure, humidity, direction and thewind’s speed, illumination, vibration, and sound intensities, power-linevoltage, body functions and pollutant levels. The sensor network has one of thekey advantages that they can eliminate the gap between the physical and logicalworlds as they gather the information from physical world and communicate it tothe powerful logical devices that are able to effectively process it. Thus, ifwe harness the ability of the technology, it can lead to a reduced need for thehuman intervention or the interference for the information gathering in themilitary and civilian applications (He et al., 2004;Mahamuni, 2016).WSN become an important and exciting new technologyfor improving many current applications and create new revolutionary system inmany areas. It also received enormous attention in recent years due to itsphenomenal ability of implementation in various fields. There are severalwireless connectivity techniques that have used recently such as Bluetooth,ZigBee and WiFi 802.
11. AlthoughWSN .helpin the close monitoring and control of real world applications,. this technologyalso suffers .frommany problems that degrade their functionality and may cause their monitoringoperations to fail..The problems maybe cause by the sensor device problem, .
battery issues and theharsh environment in which they work.(Al-raisi & Parish, 2007).There are many research that have been done by researchers for WSN achieve highnetwork performance in terms of throughput, power consumption, latency,end-to-end delay and jitter. Thispaper shows the comparison between three scenarios that will be created byusing various distance between ZigBee nodes and a sink on certain considerednetwork performance.