The the shift from the physical nature of

The good example is New Zealand spend $340 million a year for treating diabetes and they estimated it will rise to $1 billion in 2021.Furthermore, the World Health Organization suggests that several of global changes also contributed to the obesity epidemic in the world. They are like increasing urbanization, changing modes of transportation, shift from manual labor to sedentary forms of work. Lot of cities encourage sedentary rather than manual forms of transportation with the poor urban planning in many areas. Lot of foods, we are eating daily consists with processed, energy dense and high in fats and sugars. It also contributing to the excess consumption of calories.We’re going slowly to death.”We’re sitting ourselves to death” newspaper article from The Dominion Post written by journalist Tom Fitzsimons, July 2011.

That above New Zealanders’ newspaper article shows several factors of how obesity causing to our death. “You go back 100 years in New Zealand,” says Schofield, “50 per cent of the workforce was involved in primary agricultural production, and it was not mechanized. Now it’s 2 per cent of our workforce and it’s all mechanized. The reality is that most of us sit all day. I call it the new normal.” Tom Fitzsimons saying that the shift from the physical nature of our jobs is also contribute to the obesity.

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He describes that how we spend our leisure time, how we get to and from work (largely by car) also some big matters.”Humans are designed for an unstable outdoor environment in which we’re in more or less constant motion,” But today, “We just created a world where you’re scrunched up in a chair the whole day. I mean, it’s just bizarre.” says Schofield.Why current structured forms of exercise are alone not enough to meet populations’ exercise needs, and the recommendation to integrate physical activities into everyday lifestyles.

According to 2007 Health Survey for England the main two barriers to exercise for people living in England is work commitments and not enough leisure time. But exercise needs to be incorporated into peoples’ everyday lives?? Then how can we solve these problems?Ellinor Olander is a PhD student. She did her PhD thesis about those obesity problems in the world. She discovered that splitting exercise into small bouts made no differences to the cardiovascular fitness gain.  She says that total time spent active in a day is very effective matter. This confirms if multiple small bouts of exercise can do it in everyday or incorporated in everyday activities as single structured piece of exercise (>10 minutes) is more effective. She suggests that such activities require little motivation to initiate.

She says that those exercises may be so simple like Walking up a set of stairs which don’t want any preparation or commitment. She says that’s is so effective than go to the gym or for a run. Those small bouts of physical activities can be incorporated into everyday routines easily and it is almost always free.The effect of stair usage on the human bodyKong Chuan Teh and Abdul Rashid Aziz researches shows that it takes the mean person 0.11 kilocalories to climb up a step in a staircase and 0.

05 kilocalories to climb down a step (150mm riser height). So one must climb up and down 93m of stairs daily to burn off the typical extra 100 kilocalories a day needed to reduce obesity. According to their 10 year prospective study by S  Yu, JWG  Yarnell, PM Sweetnam, and  L Murray found that little as  7 minutes total of stair climbing a day will reduce two thirds of chances of coronary heart disease of middle aged man.

According to their research, Per minute stair climbing is an extremely efficient way for burning calories than jogging.  Active designCity of New York used ‘Active design’ term to describe the designing of any part of the built environment which aims to increase the chances for daily physical exercises and the living of healthy lifestyles within cities. City of New York published the Active Design Guidelines in 2010 which is written by seven New York city agencies in addition to the American Institute of Architects.

It is a 136-page document. It basically outlines strategies based on research to meet these aims. The main aims to prevent obesity and diabetes, tied the over-consumption of calories, under-expenditure of human energy which are pressing issue across America and worldwide.


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