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Swift’s subtle correlation between size and morality in both Part I and Part II of Gulliver’s Travels can sometimes be apparent yet often times they are not. He first introduces the idea of the importance of size in Part I when Gulliver meets the Lilliputians who are twelve times smaller than he is. The concept is then reversed in Part II when Gulliver meets the Brobdingnagians who are twelve times bigger than he is. Both the physical and perceptual implications of size are reversed from Part I to Part II. In Part I, Gulliver, being a giant in comparison to the Lilliputians, still sees the Lilliputians as people who are just small in size. However in Part II, the Brobdingnagians, being giants in comparison to Gulliver, do not even see him as a legitimate person. Instead they see him as some sort of little creature or repulsive vermin. Although they do not see Gulliver as equal, the Brobdingnagians are still a very superior people when it comes to morality. This is where Swift begins to relate the two principles of morality and size. Time and time again the Brobdingnagians are described as people having a great morality. Even the farmer who holds Gulliver captive and makes him do silly performances for money is careful with him and never intentionally hurts him. This directly contradicts the Lilliputians who although were a lot smaller than Gulliver, still intentionally hurt him. This is evidence that the Lilliputians do not share the Brobdingnagians’ high level of morality and nonviolence. The only Brobdingnagian that actually wants to hurt Gulliver is the Queen’s jester who is a dwarf and is therefore a lot smaller compared to all the other Brobdingnagians. Some of the Brobdingnagians, specifically the King, also slightly mistreat Gulliver by discrediting his English origin and the nature of the English during the time. Gulliver tries to show off and brag about his origin and how things work from where he comes from yet the King, having a higher morality, manages to finds flaws in the English nature of life. The King is so repulsed by Gulliver’s account of England that he even described Englishmen as “the most pernicious race of odious little vermin that Nature ever suffered to crawl upon the surface of the earth” (Page 111). Gulliver expected to impress the King with England’s magnificence but the opposite ended up happening and now, after thinking so highly of England for so long, Gulliver must rethink his perspective on his own native country. This is also another direct contradiction to the Lilliputians in Part I who often times tried to mimic and follow Gulliver’s way of doing things. Now in Part II the Brobdingnagians prove that Gulliver’s way of doing things is ultimately flawed and morality corrupt. This is a prime example of Swift using his satirical writing to subtly make fun of England. As Gulliver begins to assimilate into the Brobdingnagian culture, Swift writes in constant reminders that Gulliver is neither physic  ally nor morally as great as the Brobdingnagians. This revelation is evident when Gulliver is disgusted by all the pores and wrinkles he sees when looking at the Brobdingnagians yet he is even more disgusted by the lice that he can see moving all around their clothes. Swift is trying to make the statement here that although the Brobdingnagians are slightly flawed, the small creatures, aka Gulliver, are even more flawed. Gulliver is then reminded further that he is not even remotely close to being seen as an equal to a Brobdingnagian when a series of mishaps consisting of him having dodge hail, falling into a mole hole, and a dog picking him up by its own mouth. These mishaps followed by the maids of honor stripping in front of him as if it were not big deal heavily humiliate Gulliver. Even though he faces heavy humailation, Gulliver feels the need to redeem himself by trying to teach the King about England’s magnificence. After essentially being mocked for his naive ways, Gulliver decides to offer up the invention of gunpowder as a last resource to impress the King. It’s no surprise that the King is also repulsed by this violent and mailocus English practice. In fact, Brobdingnag does not even have a professional army. They do however have a militia as a simple means of defense and protection. Besides that they have no intention to hurt anyway unless they are pushed to do so. This is again another contradiction to actions, perspectives, and morality of the tiny people of Lilliput. Unlike the Brobdingnagians, the Lilliputians would have completely wipe out their enemy without thinking twice or showing any mercy. Among all these moral contradictions between the Brobdingnagians and the Lilliputians, the obvious contradiction between them is still their size. This is why Swift elegantly relates size to morality during these two first Parts. The contradiction of size between these two people is so obvious that any reader can understand and see it but the contradiction of morality between them is a lot less obvious and requires a bit more of thinking to actually understand.  


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