SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS-AN
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as
the Global Goals, are a universal call of action to put an end to poverty,
safeguard the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity.
These 17 Goals are basically build on the foundation of
the Millennium Development Goals, while adding new areas such as
climate change, economic inequality, innovation, sustainable
consumption, peace and justice, among other priorities. The goals are
broadly interconnected – often the success to one will involve fighting issues
more commonly associated with another.
AFFORDABLE AND CLEAN ENERGY
Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern
energy for all
Energy is the
key to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today.
Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing
incomes, access to energy for all is essential.
energy is – it transforms lives, economies and the planet.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is the leader the Sustainable Energy for All
initiative to ensure universal access to modern energy services, improve
efficiency and increase use of renewable sources.
This goal partly addresses worldwide access to energy (which
is affordable and reliable), and partly to its global (sustainable) and local
(modern, i.e. non-polluting) environmental footprint.
in five people still lacks access to modern electricity
3 billion people depend on wood, coal, charcoal or animal waste for
cooking and heating
is the major contributor to climate change, accounting for nearly 60%
of total global greenhouse gas emissions
Reduce the carbon intensity of energy is a key objective in long-term
make certain that there is universal access to affordable, reliable and
modern energy services.
expand gradually and efficiently the share of renewable energy in the
global energy mix.
double(twofold) the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency
enhance and augment international cooperation to ensure access to clean
energy with adequate research and technology, including renewable energy (which
can be naturally replenished), energy efficiency and advanced fossil-fuel technology.
Additionally, promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy
enlarge and broaden infrastructure and ameliorate(upgrade) technology for
supplying modernized and sustainable energy services for people in
developing countries, least developed countries in particular, developing
States with smaller islands, and land-locked developing countries, in compliance
with their respective programmes of support and assistance to increase
INDIA AND GOAL 7(AFFORDABLE AND CLEAN
India is likely to be a significant contributor to the rise
in global energy demand, around one-quarter of the total. According to recent
figures, the total installed capacity for electricity generation in India
delivered a compound annual growth rate of 7%. However, as per statistics of
2016, 237 million people in India still lack access to electricity. The
government established scheme National Solar Mission is playing an important role in the
work towards renewable energy, and interventions in rural electrification and
new ultra-mega power projects are converting India towards achieving universal
SCHEMES IN INDIA TO ENSURE AFFORDABLE AND
Ministry of power in India have worked on 6
fundamental principles to achieve the goal of Ujjwal Bharat. These are SULABH (Accessible Power), SASTI (Cheap Power), SWACHH (Clean Power), SUNIYOJIT (Well Planned
Infrastructure; Preparing India for the Future), SUNISHCHIT (Assured Power for All) and SURAKSHIT (Empowering each Citizen of
India with Transparent Governance and Securing their Future).
1.The recently launched Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har
Ghar Yojana (Saubhagya) has provided the architecture through which the
government seeks to reduce import of fossil fuels, boost underutilized power plants
and meet its climate change promises. This scheme aims to universalize access
to electricity in India.
scheme, the poor families will be provided electricity connections free of cost
Narendra Modi with petroleum minister Dharmendra Pradhan and power minister R.
K. Singh at the launch of the Saubhagya scheme. The scheme is expected to
provide electricity connections to over 40 million families in rural-urban
areas by December 2018
2.OFF GRID AND DECENTRALIZED SOLAR
APPLICATIONS PV PROGRAMME:
promote off-grid applications of Solar photovoltaic (SPV) systems for fulfilling
lighting, electricity requirements of individuals, institutions, communities,
commercial and industrial establishments.
create awareness and demonstrate innovative use of Solar systems for
individual/ community/ institutional/ industrial applications.
3.SOLAR ENERGY SCHEME FOR SMALL POWERLOOM
The Union Government has sanctioned a new
scheme to provide financial assistance or upfront capital(subsidy) to small mechanized
loom units, for installation of Solar Photo Voltaic (SPV) plant, in order to
combat the problem of power cut and shortage faced by decentralized power loom clusters
in the country.
4.The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission which launched on
the 11th January,2010 by former Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh,
has set the benchmark for achieving an ambitious target of deploying nearly
20000 Mega watt of grid connected Solar power by 2022 to reduce the cost of
solar power energy in India through long term policies, large scale deployment targets,
aggressive research and domestic production of raw materials, components and
5.RAJIV GANDHI GRAMEEN VIDYUKTIKARAN YOJANA:
Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) is implemented mostly to provide benefits to households
below the “poverty line” (BPL) through a free connection but chargeable
consumption of power. The principal aims to electrify maximum villages and
habitations as per new policies and definitions, provide access to electricity
to all rural households and to provide electricity connection.
6.SHAKTI (Scheme for Harnessing and
Allocating Coal Transparently in India) is a
transformational policy for auction and allotment of coal linkages and will ultimately
result in affordable power, access to coal and accountability in the allocation
7.India has received worldwide
recognition for its energy
efficiency initiatives. Nearly 23 crore LED bulbs have been distributed under
Jyoti by Affordable Electricity for All), and this has
served a twofold purpose – helped save crores of money in electricity bills, and
reduced CO2 emissions by over 2.5 crore tonnes
8.NATIONAL CLEAN ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT
A corpus called National Clean Energy Fund
(NCEF) was created out of cess on coal
produced / imported (“polluter pays” principle) for the purposes of financing
and promoting clean energy initiatives in India and supply energy to all at
Household Lighting Programme: This scheme was announced as Domestic Efficient
Lighting Programme (DELP) on 5 January 2015, convincing the people to use LED bulbs in place of incandescent bulbs, tube lights and CFL
bulbs as they are more efficient, long lasting
and economical in their life cycle duration.