Suborder : Dendrobranchiata, SpenceBate, 1888Superfamily : Penaeoidea Rafinesque, 1815 Family:Penaeidae Rafinesque, 1815Genus:Penaeus Fabricius, 1798 Penaeusindicus H.
Milne Edwards, 1837 Common Name:Indian white shrimp, Naran.Synonyms :Farfantepenaeus Burukovsky,1997, Fenneropenaeus PérezFarfante, 1969; Litopenaeus Pérez Farfante, 1969; Marsupenaeus Tirmizi, 1971; Melicertus Rafinesque,1814,Penaeus(Farfantepenaeus) Burukovsky,1997; Penaeus (Farfantepenaeus) Burukovsky, 1972.Distribution : Indiaand Sri Lanka to the west through Gulf of Aden Madagascar and East coast ofAfrica to east through Malaysia and Indonesia to Philippines, New Guinea andnorthern Australia. In India, in all coastal waters of east and west.Habitat :Shelf areas from the coastline to depths of about 90m, abundant in shallowwaters less than 30m on sand or mud young migrate to estuaries.
Collection site : Allover KeralaSize :Average total length Males 184 mm, Females 187mm Materials examined : 45specimens examined, female Tl 23 cm, males with 17 cm Description :Rostrum well developed and generally extending beyond eyes, always bearing more than 3 upper teeth.Nostyliform projection at base of eyestalk and no tubercle on its inner border. Both upper and lowerantennular flagella of similar length, attached to tip of antennular peduncle.
Carapace lacking both postorbital or postantennal spines. Cervical groovegenerally short, always with a distancefrom dorsal carapace. All5 pairs of legs well developed, fourthleg bearing a single well-developed arthrobranch (hidden beneath carapace, occasionally accompanied by a second, rudimentaryarthrobranch). In males, endopod of second pair of pleopods (abdominalappendages) with appendix masculine only.
Third and fourth pleopods dividedinto 2 branches. Telson sharply pointed, with or without fixed and/or movablelateral spines. ; Adrostral crest not extending beyond midcarapace;gastrofrontal crest absent; generally 3 to 6 lower rostral teeth ;Hepatic crestabsent; body semi-translucent and densely covered with minute dark brown dots;generally 4 to 6 lower rostral teeth ;Third maxilliped of males with distalsegment longer or as long as second segment Rostrum slightly curved at tip andsigmoidal shaped; antennal flagella yellowish(third maxilliped of males with second segment as long as distal segment andbearing a tuft of long hairs at tip; rostral crest slightly elevated in bothsexes; body yellowish white to greyish green). Remarks:Large fishery, high economic importance; caught mainly with shrimp trawls.Original description : Milne-Edwards, H. (1834-1840).
Histoire Naturelle des Crustacés,Comprenant l´Anatomie, la Physiologie et la Classification de cesAnimaux. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris. Vol. III, 638 pp.,plates 1–42