Submittedto: Dr SWATI AGARWAL Submitted by: AHMER HASSAN (JN170173) There are alot of things that can affect the choice of structure for an organization. The 5factors are the most common:1.SIZE2.
LIFE CYCLE3.STRATEGY4.ENVIRONMENT5.TECHNOLOGY· Size:Larger organizations have more complex structure. Smallerorganisations like single retail or restaurant will have a simple structure. Iforganization is very small it might even not have a structure. Here individualssimply perform their jobs based on ability and needs. But with the growth itbecomes difficult to manage without formalized assignments and delegations.
So largeorganisations develop formal structures.· Life cycle: life cycle is a relation betweenorganisation size and age as organization age they become larger and changesexperience as it progress through its life cycle.· STRATEGY: The way organization positionsitself and its product in the market. Whether the company decides to be firstin the market with best products or produce a already existent product more efficientlywith cost effectiveness.
Both the strategy requires structure, and thestructure must fit the strategy.· ENVIRONMENT: whether the environment is stable whereconsumer demand remains consistent for a long time or dynamic where the desiresof customers are changing continuously. The environment have to be improvedconsistently· TECHNOLOGY: for an organization to be successful,right combination of technology and structure is compulsory. Continuous processeswork well in organic structures and mass production operations work best inmechanistic structures.EXAMPLES:TATA CONSULTING SERVICES TataConsulting Services (TCS) Organization: Tata Son Limited started its leadership in 1968 to address itsmanagement issues the effective use ofTata Consultancy Services (TCS), a holding company, a holding company. In the 80’sand 90’s, they invested heavily in research and development of their softwareengineering practice.
Tcs is committed to continually improving their qualityand processes in growing environment.The Tata Consulting Service organization maintains their domain specific certifications . (GM), FordMotor Company, General Electric, Citibank, IBM, British Telecom, LucentTechnologies, AXA Insurance and US utilities are included in their customerlist. Tata has pioneered a global delivery network that customers can view as key differentiating factor. The year 2007-2008is driven by excellence and is evidentin July 29 tcs , won the 2007 TataGroup’s prestigious’ Sustainable Business Excellence.The functionof human resource management system: organization’s installation, organizational structure,organizational structure and hierarchy update Define classification andhierarchy of employees and their access and set management access Level forApproval: TCS confirmed the same .Recruitmentand Change Tracking Process: respect to recruitment, ads will be appearing in newspapers and magazines . Theprocess includes applications processing, written tests, group discussions, andupdate lists campus recruitment, 71service records with maintenance of employee benefits.
Tracking changes for TCSconsist of salary amounts, allowances with claims processing, and loans. also, presence management system tracks the sliding grilles, presence registers are monitored with latearrivals, exceeding, and data interface records and generates interfacereport. training modules, there is track in terms of budget allocation, and internaltraining programs, educational institutions, training requests, after exerciseindetails and post training task assignments.
HR planning process: process of the staff inTCS consists monitoring information soto help determine employee’s performance,management information reports with details to maintain a current employeeinformation and transmission.Conclusion TCS, the HR management function is asystem module that is called Human Resource Management System . This allowsHRMS to manage its promotions, escalations, vacations, and more. In addition, functions of HRMS include organization setup with configuration,organizational structure and update, employeeclassification with hierarchy definition and maintenance, access ,authorizationlevel settings.
NIKE:Nike’s organizational structure reflects itsabilities and its limits of business intheir operations. company’s organizationalstructure is their composition, system design applied on their interconnectionswith employees and divisions. Companyhas developed its organizational structure to enable adjustments and dealingwith market differences. one of the leading players in the athletic footwear,Nike serves an example of how a regional variations must be included in theirbusiness strategies.Features of Nike’sOrganizational StructureNike has geographic divisional organizational structure.
Theirstructure is based on their company’s needs in global organization. 1. Semi-autonomousgeographic divisions2. Global divisionsfor Converse and brand licensingGlobal Corporate Leadership.their organizational structure have global corporateleadership, that involves corporate managers. managers have offices in the company’sheadquarters in , USA. They decide for global organizational structure .
example, the Global Sports Marketing groupreleased their new athletic shoe marketing campaigns worldwide. this feature of theirorganizational structure, decisions are easily implemented throughout theircompany. Semi-Autonomous Geographic Divisions. Geographic divisions are major organizational structure characteristicof Nike. The company’s operations is divided into segments based on theregional markets.
regional division’s managers optimize operations in theregional sports shoes, apparel and equipment market. Global Divisions for Converse and Brand Licensing. their organizational structure also has 2 global divisions: one for Converse brand and another for the brandlicensing. One global division isresponsible for managing worldwide operations of Converse, which is a footwearbrand and subsidiary of Nike . Another division is responsible for licensingthe Nike’s brand. The characteristic of the organizational structure offers acontrol for the brand licensing and their operations of Converse.Nike’s OrganizationalStructure Advantages & DisadvantagesNike’s organizationalstructure’s support growth and stability.
Global corporate leadership has theadvantage of facilitating control on entire organization. However, adisadvantage of Nike’s organizational structure is the limited approach tomanaging the operations of Converse.