Date of Submission
The Three Branches of Government
The federal system of government of United States of America has got three branches namely: judiciary, legislative, and the executive. Each branch of the government has its own functions which are enshrined in the constitution. According to the constitution, legislative arm of government is responsible for enacting the law as well as allocating the appropriate moneys to the government for cater for her operations. The executive branch of government is responsible for implementing as well as overseeing public policies passed and financed by the legislative arm of government. The judicial arm of government is entitled to interpreting the constitution and the law of the land and applying their interpretation whenever disagreements are taken before it.
The legislative branch of government is composed of the House of Representatives and the senate. They are all elected by the citizens of United States. It is the branch which is very close to the citizens. There are 435 elected representatives of the house and they elect the speaker of their house (Cornelius, p.204). The speaker is third in terms of succession of the presidency, this is after the president and his deputy president. The executive branch is made up of the president as its leader, the deputy president, the cabinet defense department, state department and 13 other executive departments, federal agencies, commissions as well as committees. Apart from signing legislations, the president is influential to the laws of the country through numerous executive actions, for instance through executive orders, proclamations as well as presidential memoranda. The executive arm of the federal government is also mandated to undertake the nation’s foreign policy as well as carrying out diplomacy with other states although the senate must ratify any treaties made with foreign nations. The judicial arm of the federal government is made up of the Supreme Court, the federal judicial courts as well as the courts of appeal. All the above members of the judiciary are nominated by the president and inveterate by the senate. The federal judge can only leave their seats only through death, impeachment by the congress, or resignation.
In due regard to the doctrine of separation of powers that was put forward by Montesquieu a philosopher, the united states of America constitution dispersed the authority of the federal government equally to all the three arms (Montesquieu, p. 405-418).This doctrine brought about a system of both checks as well as balances aimed at ensuring that there is no one powerful branch more than the other. From this point of view, it is definitely true to argue out that all the three branches of government possess the same power in due regard to this doctrine of separation of powers. Therefore in connection to the argument of the philosopher who brought in the doctrine, there is no powerful branch of the federal government is more powerful than the other.
On my personal point of view I honestly think that the executive arm of the government has less power compared to the other two, but the author by the name James Wilson has outlined numerous reasons that have made me change my view point. Therefore the argument that the president together with executive are more powerful arm of federal government are still true. There are three major reasons that upholds the fact that the president and the executive arm of government are currently the most powerful. The first reason to prove that the executive arm is the most powerful is the power to persuade (Mills, p.71- 86). This power of persuading is majorly enjoyed by the president. The president uses this power to convince Washington D.C, the public, party activists and other officials outside Washington. The persuasion is the greatest deal simply because it gets people to rally behind you. In case the president win these audience, he will be in a position to made amendments to whatever law he requires.
The second reason is that the president who is the head of the executive arm of the government, he exercises veto power through signing any bill and unless he signs it cannot serve as the law. The president can return the bill or make some amendments or proclamations. His role there indicates that he still has power to overturn the decision of the congress. Although the congress can still deter the president from trying to undermine their independency, the president still commands majority and can even proceed and call for referendum to push for his desire. The third reason is that the president is a diplomat and can use foreign agencies to ensure that he wins all what he requires in terms of country regulations. Still since he is the command in chief of the armed forces, he can still dictate what to be done through the use of defense department .Therefore the executive arm of the government as at the moment it is the most powerful without observing the doctrine of separation of powers but when sticking to this doctrine then there is no any one arm which is more powerful than the other.
Hickey, Tom. “The Separation of Powers in Irish Constitutional Law.” (2018)
Kerwin, Cornelius M., and Scott R. Furlong. Rulemaking: How government agencies write law and make policy. Cq Press, 2018.
Mills, C. Wright. “The power elite.” Inequality. Routledge, 2018. 71-86.
Schattschneider, Elmer. Party government: American government in action. Routledge, 2017
Shackleton, Robert. “Montesquieu, Bolingbroke, and the separation of powers.” Charles-Louis de Secondat, Baron de Montesquieu. Routledge, 2017. 405-418.