Spain is located in the south of Europe and surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The neighboring countries are Portugal and France. The Canary Islands in front of the African Coast and the Balearic Islands also belong to Spain. The countries topography reaches from the Pyrenees in the north and mountain ranges throughout the country to lowlands towards the coastal regions (Nations Online, 2018). (Appendix figure XY)
Generally, Spain experiences a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and rainy winters. Depending on the part of the country the climate can vary. The southern part of the country closer to the equator usually experiences higher temperatures than the north. For example the average temperatures in the area of Madrid range from average maximum temperatures of 32 degrees Celsius in the summer (June-September) to minimum temperatures around 0 degrees Celsius in the winter months (November-February) (WeatherOnline, 2018).
As figure XYX in the Appendix shows, the region around Madrid and Barcelona are showing the highest density of population. Followed by the region around Seville as well as the East and North coast. The West and the center of the country has the lowest population density.
(Socolovsky, 2018)? Appendix Figure Population density
Spain offers a privileged location as a gateway to other markets such as Europe, the middle East and South America.