Smoking, a slow killer or a secret killer is one of the biggest threats to human beings as it is considered the leading cause of death in the world. It is expected that the number of deaths and the spread of diseases due to smoking will increase significantly in the coming years, especially in developing countries, which has become a strategic target for tobacco companies after it became a narrow area in the industrialized countries because of the knowledge of people there to the disadvantages of smoking and high taxes on tobacco products and because of legal problems that Followed by the prosecution of those companies. Because of the concentration of these companies in developing countries, the consumption of cigarettes per capita has increased sixfold, and the number of deaths due to smoking increased from 500,000 in 1955 to about 2 million in 1995.
Saudi Arabia, which has a high smoking rate of 40 percent among men and 10 percent among women and 25 percent among young people under the age of 18, according to official statistics, is the fourth largest importer of cigarettes in the world, despite the small population, Sales volume to 15 billion cigarettes a year worth 600 million riyals !! The combined Gulf market consumes 28 billion cigarettes a year !!
Slow killer smoking has killed more than 60 million people in developed countries alone since the mid-20th century, according to a World Health Organization (WHO) report issued in late May 2003. The report also mentioned that smoking killed four million people in 2002 and that this figure is expected to increase in 2020, where the number of deaths may reach 10 million people each year, who according to the same report, the number of smokers in the world is estimated at one billion and one hundred million people, 800 million of them in the third world countries. Smoking is responsible for 90% of lung cancer deaths worldwide and 30% of all cancers, including lung, mouth, oesophagal, stomach, and colon cancers. In addition, cancer causes other health problems such as stroke, which has a three-fold rate of non-smokers. Smoking also accounts for 25% of deaths from coronary heart disease and heart attacks will be 7 million of them in the third world countries
Smoking or chewing tobacco is one of the most dangerous types of addiction, as it often causes a number of diseases and causes cancer and death. Most smokers fell into this trap when they were young. In that period it is easy to influence them by propaganda or by their peers. Once they fall into the trap of experimentation or imitating others, they become addicted to that deadly habit. More than 5 million of our children are now expected to die at a shorter age because of their decision to experiment with teenage smoking
The World Tobacco Day falls on 31 May 2017, and this year the WHO has an important theme “Tobacco – a threat to development” ( WHO,2017) It is also known about the dangers of smoking and its catastrophic health effects, where the burden is expected to increase to 8 million deaths per year by 2030, due to growth in low- and middle-income countries
The unavoidable morbidity of cardiovascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cancers and other diseases will also increase dramatically, as poorer populations are likely to suffer even more. In the common denominations of the United Nations goals for sustainable development goals , efforts to achieve a reduction in tobacco use should be driven by the goal of reducing one third of the early deaths from noncommunicable diseases identified in objective 3.4 of the overall objectives to be achieved at the level By 2030
Among the decisions aimed at reducing the proportion of smokers imposing additional taxes on tobacco. The World Health Organization (WHO) has indicated an increase in tobacco taxes as an important therapeutic factor, with the potential to raise $ 190 billion for development. “As an example of potential tax benefits, the number of cigarettes sold in China was reported to have declined by 3.3% in 2015 to 2016 , A time when the tax rate on cigarettes was raised from 5% to 11% ( Juan 2016)
Economically, tobacco is a particularly thorny problem, and it certainly has long-term detrimental effec China, for example, has about 300 million smokers, making these people more vulnerable to the effects of smoking, but the tobacco industry contributes about 7% of government revenue,( Martin,2014) which certainly contributes to the development and prosperity of the country ts on health, but certainly contributes to the development and growth of the country.
Despite the promise of taxes and other approaches at the population level to reduce the health burden of tobacco use 5, the harmful symbiotic relationship between tobacco use and economic growth can restrict the implementation of smoking cessation strategies in the countries most in need( Jha,2014)
One of the highest priorities for WHO is to overcome the complexity of sustainable development goals and to take crucial action to fight the global tobacco prevalent and the World Health Organization WHO has a significant track record on the issue, The 2005 Framework Convention on Tobacco Control led to the development of the international public health agenda for tobacco action, including taxation and other demand reduction measures, the ban on advertising and the provision of cessation programs , these actions falls within the objective number 3 of the WHO’s 17 sustainable development goals.to Ensure a healthy life and promote well-being for all ages
However, the painful reality of smoking and its prevalence, and the serious growing health consequences, strongly call for renewed action against tobacco. WHO has recently demonstrated its ability to take the lead in developing scientific solutions to important health threat because conflicts of interest in the financing of scientific studies are very common in the area of tobacco and smoking, the active involvement of the World Health Organization (WHO) can have special value in this area. In addition to taking urgent steps to revitalize the public health path in low- and middle-income countries to improve tobacco control, scientific leadership on this issue should also be provided – both towards new behavioral approaches and interventions for cessation or reduction of harm – is a priority for the Agency