Smart material, their behaviour and potential contribution in

Smart materials: A step towards next generation of sustainable buildings.Abstract (200-word limit)Currently, there is an increased demand for creating sustainable buildingsto address environmental issues. The advancement of technology has helped increating buildings with integrated systems, which are more responsive andefficient. Use of Smart materials in buildings is the next step towards thefuture generation of sustainable buildings. Due to their dynamic behaviour, Smartmaterials sense their surrounding environment and adjust themselves accordingly.As this reaction is due to the intrinsic properties of the material, smartmaterials help in optimizing energy consumption. The aim of this paper is to determinethe potential of smart materials in producing sustainable results. The paperreviews by means of literature review, the definitions of smart material, theirbehaviour and potential contribution in creating energy conscious designs.

Theresearch shows that due to their inherent properties Smart materials can contributein creating efficient and responsive buildings. (142 words)Introduction and aim (100-word limit)In the recent years, due to problems like global warming, fossil fuelreduction, mass urbanization, creating sustainable building has become the needof the hour. This is reflected in the increasing number of buildings that areintegrated with smart technologies. So far in creating sustainable builtenvironment, the role of building materials has been limited. Use of innovativematerials can make a significant contribution in the sustainability of the buildings.Smart materials are already being used in the field of engineering and medicine1 and now many research has been going on theiruse in buildings.

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Their potential is already recognized by the architects andthey will be inevitable elements for the future projects with enhancedproperties 2. The aim of this paper is to understand the concept of Smart materialsand their integration in architecture and to determine their potential in creatingresponsive and efficient buildings.(151 words) Literature review (200-word limit)Architects and designers are always looking for new technologies toenhance the efficiency of buildings. Smart materials show the potential to offerefficient solutions in sustainable design.

Research on smart materials havebeen conducted ubiquitously in the field of engineering and medicine and latelyin the field of contemporary building design.There have been a number ofacademic and technical literature discussing the definition of ‘Smart materials’.According to NASA, smart materials are ‘materials that remember configurationand can conform to them when given a specific stimulus’ 3.

Due to theirintrinsic dynamic behaviour many smart materials have found application in thefield of architecture 1,2,4,6,9. Also, as smart materials react naturally tothe environment, they can play an important role in optimizing energyconsumptions in buildings making them an effective tool in sustainable design3,6,7,8,9,13,15. As smart materials will inevitably become the part of ourfuture buildings, their use will result in initiating a new design paradigm inarchitecture 2,5,9.  To exploit thetrue potential of smart materials, collaboration between architects andmaterial engineers is important 2,3,8,11,13,15. Several researches in smart materialsare focussed on the discussion of different types of smart materials and their potentialcontribution to the field of architecture especially sustainable designs.However, since use of smart materials is at an experimental stage, insufficientdata is available in the form of performance evaluation, mass production andcost evaluation of smart materials.

Due to rise in demands of sustainable solutionsin buildings, use of smart materials is the logical next step and furtherresearch on their evaluation can be beneficial to architecture industry. (257 word) Methodology (100- word limit)Based on the objective of this study to determine the potential of smartmaterials in sustainable architecture, a systematic review was done, to gatherand analyse information on types of smart materials and their potential use inarchitecture. The research platform was setup in the fields of definition of smartmaterials and their properties, use of smart material in architecture and sustainabledesigns in buildings.

This information was further analysed to determine theeffect of these materials in sustainable architecture, by doing the casestudies of different projects in experimental, design and actual stages. (94 words)

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