Since a conflict on the size of

Since a conflict on
the size of the Second World War, it was an obvious momentum that will receive
the phenomenon reshaping the international system on new bases, both from
geopolitical perspectives or geostrategic and in terms of international law. Creating
UN emergence of two superpowers that confront in the Cold War, reducing the
influence of former European powers on the international arena, decolonization
are all consequences of this phenomenon. In a globalized world, all
political phenomena, whether national or international, are closely
interrelated, which very often leads to unexpected consequences of the crisis
of the international system.

This analysis will
use a particular case, the Suez Canal crisis in 1956, to suggest the dynamics
of international relations in the aftermath of the war and during the entire
Cold War. Naturally, during the Cold War, the international system was not
in a state of stagnation, but rather evolved dynamically. The Suez Canal
crisis is relevant precisely because it outlines the causes of this development
and eloquent showing divergent interests of major international actors in the
mid 50’s.

Looking at the causes,
and consequences of the events related to the Suez Canal crisis, we will
consider multiple aspects. It will highlight both political landing at
state level but also at the individual level and economic, referring to the
importance of oil resources. We attempt an analysis showing the extent
possible, the views of all stakeholders and interested in events in Egypt, DARS
contextualizing their relation to the specifics of each country. Regarding
the consequences will show the impact of the crisis both in the short and
medium term and long term, to all relevant international actors, having regard
to all areas where the consequences could be identified.

Britain was first forced to abandon the illusions of colonial Middle
East after World War II. The military base in the Suez Canal was the last
imperial outpost significantly with about 80 000 soldiers. In front of the
Egyptian opposition and without American support, Britain could no longer
afford to support this military base, so that, in 1954, agreed that until 1956
to withdraw its forces from the Suez. United States tried to end Britain’s
imperial role in the region to exploit the remnants of British influence in
order to create a structure to impede Soviet expansion in the Middle East. The
Eisenhower Administration created the concept of partnership northern nations,
composed of Turkey, Iraq, Syria and Pakistan, with Iran as a possible partner
later concept materialized by signing the Baghdad Pact.


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