Sin virus was first isolated in 1993 from

Sin Nombre virus is the causative agent of hantavirus
pulmonary syndrome (HPS) a disease with a 50% mortality rate. Deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) are the reservoir
of Sin Nombre virus. (Duchin et al.,1994). This virus was first isolated
in 1993 from rodents collected near the home of one of the initial patients
with Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) in the four corners region of
the western United States. Isolation was achieved through blind passage
in Peromyscus maniculatus (deer mouse). SNV can be contracted
through the inhalation of virus-contaminated deer mouse excreta. Initial
symptoms in humans of HPS manifest as a low-grade fever, headache, cough or
dyspnea, nausea and vomiting, and myalgia. (Figueriredo et al., 2001).



Toxic shock syndrome is a rare,
life-threatening complication of certain types of bacterial infections. Often
toxic shock syndrome results from toxins produced by Staphylococcus aureus and
group A streptococcus (strep) bacteria.Toxic shock syndrome has been associated
primarily with the use of superabsorbent tampons. However, since manufacturers
pulled certain types of tampons off the market, the incidence of toxic shock
syndrome in menstruating women has declined. Symptoms may
include fever, rash skin
peeling, and low blood pressure.Toxic shock syndrome can
affect anyone, including men, children and postmenopausal women. Risk factors
for toxic shock syndrome include skin wounds and surgery. (Wikipedia Encyclopedia).


Mary Mallon (akas Typhoid Mary) was born in 1869 in Ireland and emigrated
to the US in 1884 settling into her career as a cook. As a healthy carrier
of Salmonella typhi her
nickname of “Typhoid Mary” had become synonymous with the spread of disease, as
many were infected due to her denial of being ill. She was forced into
quarantine on two separate occasions on North Brother Island for a total of 26
years and died alone without friends, having evidently found consolation in her
religion to which she gave her faith and loyalty. By the time she died New York health officials had
identified more than 400 other healthy carriers of Salmonella typhi, but no
one else was forcibly confined or victimized as an “unwanted ill”. Mary Mallon
is always a reference when mentioning the compliance of the laws concerning
public health issues. The state’s pursuance and Mary’s stubbornness gave her an
awkward place in the history of Medicine.



I'm Mary!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out