Sin, of pride might be perceived as a



Sin, Guilt, and the Mind
of Nathaniel Hawthorne

1491 words 6 pages

Sin, Guilt, and the Mind
of Nathaniel Hawthorne


 Nathaniel Hawthorne’s works are prominent for
their treatment of guilt and the complexities of good decisions. Moral and
religious concerns, in short, are almost always present in Hawthorne’s
work”(Foster, 56). Given Hawthorne’s background, it isn’t an extension of
the creative ability to state that his books are evaluated of Puritanism.
Hawthorne lived in the profoundly scarred New England territory, isolated from
Puritanism by just a single generation. His grandfather had been one of the
judges in the Salem Witch Trials. Individual issues incorporate the different
ways Hawthorne’s family and particular occasions throughout his life impacted
his writing. We can without much of a stretch perceive how “Young Goodman
Brown” related to the facts about his Puritan ancestors. His descendants’
comments on him in The Custom House introduction to The Scarlet Letter mix
pride in Hawthorne’s noticeable quality and a feeling of inherited guilt for
his deeds as a judge. Hawthorne’s guilt of wrongs conferred by his ancestors
was fundamental in the advancement of his literary career. He explores human
weaknesses through of his ancestors’ period. For the most part, Hawthorne’s
writings contained capable symbolic and psychological impacts of pride, guilt,
sin, and punishment.


The subject of pride
might be perceived as a bad habit or as a virtue in Hawthorne’s works,
depending on the circumstance. Goodman Brown from “Young Goodman
Brown” turns into a victim of his pride and therefore he suffers. Goodman
Brown has a feeling of superiority over the rest of the village. He got his
feeling after he saw all the people that he considered were good and pure
participating in satanic rituals.

 He says, “There were high dames, well
known, and wives of honored husbands, and widows, a great multitude, and
ancient maidens, all of the excellent repute, and fair young girls, who
trembled lest their mothers should espy them” (Young Goodman). He loses
all faith in the community, as he says, “my faith is gone! There is no
good on earth” (Young Goodman). He believes he is above them as he could
confront the devil. He says, “Look up to Heaven, and resist the Wicked
One!” (Young Goodman). Goodman Brown’s pride is his grievous imperfection
since he has excessively consequently it causes his destruction.


   The pride Goodman Brown experiences contrast
from that of Hester Prynne. Hester from The Scarlet Letter is a sample of
pride, self-empowerment, and atonement. The Scarlet Letter, fantastically
embroidered with gold thread” (Scarlet Letter, 45) is continually worn by
Hester in pride and in honor. In the city of Boston, many people decline to the
interstate the scarlet “A” by its main meaning. They say it means
“Able”. – After several years, Hester comes back to New England
“There is a more real life for Hester Prynne here, in New England than in
the unknown region where Pearl found a home. ” Here is her sin; here, her
sorrow; and here is yet to be her penitence. She returns, therefore, and
resumes, -of her own free will, for not the sternest magistrate of that iron
period would impose it. Never afterward did it quit her bosom” (Scarlet
Letter, 123). She continues wearing the scarlet letter because that the past is
a critical part of her nobility; it isn’t something that ought to be eradicated
or denied on the grounds that another person chooses it is shameful.

She makes a life in which
the scarlet letter is a symbol of difficulty overcome and of experience
achieved rather than an indication of failure and judgment. She accepts control
of her own personality and in doing as such she turns into an example for
others. She is not, in any case, the example of the sin that she planned to be.
Rather she is a sample of atonement and pride. Pride may overcome one’s life as
it did to Goodman Brown or engage one’s life like Hester Prynne.


    The impacts of guilt incur a significant
injury to people in a various way. Guilt is typically perceived as a form of
punishment for committing a sin in Hawthorne’s works.

 Arthur Dimmesdale from The Scarlet Letter
commits adultery, the same offense as Hester Prynne. The distinction between
Dimmesdale and Hester is that Dimmesdale was not openly punished for his sin
while Hester was. Because of this, Dimmesdale feels extremely guilty. This sentiment
blame is atrocious to the point that it rationally and physically shrinks him,
as he feels an exceptionally solid need to atone and rinse his spirit.

 He describes himself as “an emaciated
figure, his thin cheek, his white, heavy, pain-wrinkled brow” (Scarlet
Letter, 143). By taking the emotional punishment of guilt Arthur Dimmesdale
suffers more than Hester.


     Hawthorne states that “sin is but a
name” (Young Goodman).The inner and outer impacts of sin on the human body
are portrayed all through the themes Hawthorne gives in his works.

     “Theocratic Puritans punished sinners
as deviants of society and used punishments to restate boundaries within the
group” (Puritan Lifestyle). The impacts of sin are distinctive in each
character similarly as every character is punished precisely. One character who
shows the effects of punishment is Hester Prynne. Hester confers adultery with
Reverend Dimmesdale. As this act resulted in a child, she can’t conceal her
sin. In the meantime, Dimmesdale’s similar sin goes unnoticed “The
discipline of the family in those days, was far more rigid kind than now”
(Scarlet Letter, 121).

    Worried about sin and the consequences of
managing it, Hawthorne’s works identify his own feeling of shame about his
precursor’s aggrieving roles in the17th century Salem Witch Trials. By
implication dealing with his feeling of guilt through fictional conditions,
Hawthorne uncovers his exceptionally basic perspective of the Puritans while
teaching a solid moral lesson all the while. Many moral lessons are managed in
his works, including the impacts of pride as a bad habit like that of Goodman
Brown, or as a temperance like the pride of Hester Prynne which empowers her to
make up for herself; the different degrees of discipline people put onto
themselves in confronting their novel sins; the consequences of guilt  inside the spirit which prompt deterioration
of the body, as experienced by Arthur Dimmesdale and the results of concealing
sin, similar to Arthur Dimmesdale, and of openly recognizing it, as Hester
Prynne. Hawthorne acquired the Puritan convention of moral sincerity, and he
was profoundly concerned with the ideas of original sin and guilt






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