Over the years, many people have believed that the issue of sexualharassment should not be discussed in public. Sexual harassment was to bediscussed behind closed doors. In spite of this, the social and politicalsystems have changed instantaneously. This social problem has affected menand women throughout time, however, it seems that the women of our societymore closely look at this issue. This social topic has encouraged women toestablish organizations in order to help them discuss the issues more openlyand to demand equality including fairness and justice throughout theworkplace and in their social lives as well.In recent years, sexual harassment has been one of the most serious andwidespread problems found in the workplace.
For this reason, the UniversalDeclaration of Human Rights proclaimed, by the United Nations in 1948, tohelp everyone in their fight for self-respect and dignity. Indeed sexualharassment is an issue that complicates employment decisions. People alsorecognize that it is an issue involving the creation of an antagonistic oroffensive work environment. In many instances, the issue of sexualharassment is not something minor that can be easily solved.The issue of sexual harassment pertains to everyone’s apprehension of anindividual’s comportment due to our societal social norms.
Sexualharassment, in most cases, involves a superior’s behavior towards asubordinate. As mentioned before, most forms of sexual harassment occur inthe workplace. An employee can charge an employer with sexual harassment as aresult of the misconduct of managers, fellow employees, vendors, and evencustomers. Eventually, this can cause a hostile work environment.
It is true, for the most part, that sexual harassment comes in manyforms in the workplace. There are two significant ways in which one canidentify sexual harassment. They are called the “Quid Pro Quo” and the”Hostile Environment Harassment.” The essence of the Quid Pro Quo theory ofsexual harassment occurs when an employee is confronted with sexual demandsto keep her job or obtain a promotion. This is a true violation of the CivilRights Act of 1964, which is also referred to as the Title VII Act. Eventhough sexual harassment by its very nature is complicated to define, theEqual Employment Opportunity Commission provides a general description ofsexual advances. The several basic varieties of the Quid Pro Quo harassmentindicate the unwelcome sexual advances and requests for sexual favors. Italso consist of other verbal or physical conducts dealing with a sexualnature of constituting sexual harassment when the submission to such conductis made either explicitly or implicitly just because a term or a condition ofan individual’s employment.
Secondly, the individual is used as a basis foremployment decisions affecting such individual. Finally, the result of suchconduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with anindividual’s work performance or creating an intimidating, hostile, oroffensive working environment. (Aggarwal, 89-93)Another form of sexual harassment is a hostile work environment. Thehostile environment theory involves sexual advances between the supervisorand the employee. An employee’s work performance will be less effective dueto these so-called sexual advances.
However, a victim can file a complaintagainst their harasser so that they do not continuously force them toparticipate. Consequently, they will be forced to hand in their resignation.This issue of power has nothing to do with sex. For this reason, both male and females can be the harasser.
The harasser’s main purpose is toforce another to feel or act in a certain way. Sometimes, sexual harassmentcauses an individual from effectively performing his/her job. As a result,is undermines an individual’s dignity. In our society, there are three essential factors that relate to theissue of sexual advances. These elements are a divergence of perceptions,the complexity of human behavior and the attitudes of a sexist. (Lindemann,46-48) It is often difficult to draw a line between what is acceptable andwhat is unacceptable in a working environment because of the existence ofthese ingredients.
Sexual harassment is a form of discrimination, which canmanifest itself in terms of physical and psychological acts. Physically, therecipient may be the victim of pinching, grabbing, hugging, patting, leering,brushing against and forms of touching. Psychological harassment can occurthrough the proposal of physical intimacy by requesting dates and sexualIn 1964, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act was established, by variousstate legislation, to prohibit sex discrimination in the working environment.
After a decade of the enactment of Title VII, the Supreme Court confrontedits first case, Barnes vs. Train,