Introduction chemistry and structure. Scientists state that different

Introduction            “If you talk to God, you arepraying; If God talks to you, you have schizophrenia.”[1] We are all used to call our friendsnicknames, We sometimes make fun about people being crazy or nuts, we sometimeswithout thinking call our moody friends ” schizophrenic”, but is itreally true that schizophrenic people are just moody people?.

In fact, it’s acommon mistake because Schizophrenia is a totally different case.Schizophrenia can lead to death, socialdisability, social stigma, as well as affecting relationships in the family.There are several factors that contribute to the risk of developingschizophrenia-like genes and environment issues, and different brain chemistryand structure.

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Scientists state that different genes could increase theprospect of having schizophrenia, but not a single gene could directly causethe disorder by itself.Schizophrenia is one of the most common mentaldiseases, from all over the globe 40 Million humans being experienced schizophrenia.Schizophrenia is a serious mental issue with specific symptoms, theschizophrenic person also have false perceptions of reality as he/she may livein a non-existing place and talk to people they think they are around them butthey are not, living in a world distorted by hallucinations and delusions,individuals with schizophrenia may feel frightened, anxious, and confused, .Dueto the unusual realities they experience, schizophrenics may act verydifferently at various times. Sometimes they may seem disassembled, unfastened,or preoccupied and may even sit as rigidly as a stone, not move for hours or uttera sound. Other times they may move normally and they are always occupied,wide-awake, and alert.

      Causes of schizophrenia There are billions of nerve cells in thebrain. Each nerve cell has branches that transmit and receive messages fromother nerve cells. The nerve endings release chemicals, calledneurotransmitters, which carry the messages from the end of one nerve branch tothe cell body of another. In the brain afflicted with schizophrenia, there isan issue in this communication system.

The precise cause of schizophreniaremains unknown. Changes in key brain functions, such as perception, emotions,and behavior, indicate that the brain is the biological site of schizophrenia.Some researchers suspect neurotransmitters (the substances through which cellscommunicate) may be involved. There may be changes in dopamine, serotonin, orother neurotransmitters. The limbic system (an area of the brain involved withemotion), the thalamus (which coordinates outgoing messages), and several otherbrain regions may also be affected. Physical factors Some connected between schizophrenia andskinny physical style  Physiological factors Changes associated with sexual puberty,maturity, pregnancy, childbirth, age of inactivity and accompanying social andeconomic shocks, stress, anxiety and failure of the schizophrenic personalityof the patient to face, the endocrine disorder and there is an opinion sayingthat schizophrenia is a pathological physiological caused by a burst andpermeation of electric waves in the brain as occurs in the case of the sleep ofthe dreamer and it creeps over the individual during vigilance and causes him tohave similar changes and to cause him changes similar to what happens in dreams.

  Chimical factors  ”Scientists think that an imbalance inthe complex, interrelated chemical reactions of the brain involving theneurotransmitters dopamine and glutamate, and possibly others, plays a role inschizophrenia. Neurotransmitters are substances that brain cells use tocommunicate with each other. Scientists are learning more about how brainchemistry is related to schizophrenia. Also, the brain structures of somepeople with schizophrenia are slightly different than those of healthy people.For example, fluid-filled cavities at the center of the brain, calledventricles, are larger in some people with schizophrenia. The brains of peoplewith the illness also tend to have less gray matter, and some areas of thebrain may have less or more activity.

These differences are observed when brainscans from a group of people with schizophrenia are compared with those from agroup of people without schizophrenia. However, the differences are not largeenough to identify individuals with the disorder and are not currently used todiagnose schizophrenia. Studies of brain tissue after death also have revealeddifferences in the brains of people with schizophrenia. Scientists have foundsmall changes in the location or structure of brain cells that are formedbefore birth.

Some experts think problems during brain development before birthmay lead to faulty connections. The problem may not show up in a person untilpuberty. The brain undergoes major changes during puberty, and these changescould trigger psychotic symptoms in people who are vulnerable due to geneticsor brain differences. Scientists have learned a lot about schizophrenia, butmore research is needed to help explain how it develops.”[2] [1][2] (page 9/10)


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