is the priority and responsibility of keeping children and young people
protected from any harm or risk with providing the rightful care and safety. It
is important for parents, caretakers, teachers or anyone who comes to contact
and communicates with the child to indorse the wellbeing of children, safeguard
and protect them from any harm. Thus, the child will develop into a healthy and
positive adult. Laws have been introduced to follow and implement in order to
safeguard the welfare, safety and protection of children and young people.
Act 1989) – The
Children Act 1989 is one of the most important and valuable acts, It states
that every person who encounters with children has the duty to ensure the
safety and protection of the them it is a requirement to follow the act for
safeguarding the welfare of children and young people.
Section 47 – “the local authority
has a duty to investigate” when it is suspected the child is at risk or facing
harm. They should be able to take the appropriate and immediate actions
according to the procedures of the setting.
Section 17 – “safeguard and promote
the welfare of children within the area who are in need” provide the sufficient and appropriate services
according to the child and their needs.
(taken from –
www.legislation.gov.uk, Access Date: 14/01/2018)
(Children Act 2004) – The Children Act 2004 describes that parents, local authorities, any
agencies/ services working with children have the duty to promote and encourage
the welfare of the children and follow the guiding principles linked to “Every
Child Matters: Change Children”. ECM is a programme which by law is instructed
to follow by anyone who encounters a child, in order to achieve certain
outcomes (children and young people should stay healthy, safe, they should
enjoy, be happy, achieve (also economically) and participate to produce
positive input). It also entitles that services such as police, health,
educational should work together to become an integrated delivery service to
promote the welfare of children.
Act 2006) – The
Children Act 2006 helps the parents and children who have less chances due to
certain factors, to achieve the outcomes stated in ECM. It is written to
provide the sufficient childcare to children with working parents. Working
parents are entitled to free education, access to any necessary information
till the child is age of 20 years and if they want they can give their children
(3-4 years old) to care. This act was introduced to reduce poverty, stop the
pressure of inequality and encourage the welfare and well-being of every single
child. This law also presented the introduction of EYFS (Early Years Foundation
Stage) and the obligation to register to “OFSTED”.
Children and Young Person 2008) – The Children and Young Person 2008 states that the children in care
should be provided with high quality, suitable and efficient service. People
who are registrars are instructed to inform any child deaths to the Local
Safeguarding Children Board.
(Children and Families
Act 2014) – Children
and Families Act 2014 presented the following reforms:
encouragement of “fostering for adoption” (means that the child will be in care
of the foster family (adopters) but still in the wait of becoming legally
adopters of the child from the court.
time-limit” until the court decides if the child will be taken into care.
Put Arrangements” up to age of 21 years the child is supposed to stay with
their foster family. Only if the child and foster family is satisfied.
(Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006) – Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 outlines that
in a learning environment or anywhere, individuals who has the direct
involvement with children and young people will have a legal background check
before recruitment. (it’s called the “vetting process”). This law was
introduced after the horrific incident named “Soham murder” – Two girls Holly
and Jessica were murdered by the School Caretaker, Ian Huntley. The act had
been produced by a single body, who made the decision to who should be
forbidden to work with young people. These individuals were listed and kept in
(The Education Act 2002) – The Education Act 2002 is the duty of all educational
bodies (all Local Educational Authorities) to ensure the promotion of the welfare
of children and to keep every child away from any harm.
(Digital Economy Act 2017) – Digital Economy Act 2017 promotes e-safety. Providers
are obliged to block access of internet pornography for children under 18 years
old. It states everything about rules to communicating over social-media,
sharing personal data and the provision of certain aspects such as internet
filter, drug-dealing, cyber-bullying etc.
Working Together to Safeguard Children (2015) – is a detailed statutory document and guideline produced
by the Department of Education which explains the key responsibilities and
duties on how to keep children safe, protected and free from harm, it is used
by the individuals involved and in contact with children and young people. It
outlines the roles and how must integrated services and other professionals
work together in safeguarding children. It also describes the training
requirements, actions to take, procedures on how to provide and implement
effective protection, safeguarding and safety towards children and young
people. It headlines that safeguarding children is a top priority and should be
thought as a significant responsibility.
(EYFS – Early Years Foundation Stage) – this is a statutory framework introduced to explain in
detail about the care, development and learning needs of a child 0-5 years. It
is compulsory for all learning, educational bodies and OFSTED registrars to
read and follow the framework. The framework is a guideline that helps you take
the right decisions and actions based on your child’s age and needs. It
outlines the learning and development prerequisites and encourages others to
promote safeguarding and welfare of children.
(OFSTED – Inspecting safeguarding in early years,
education and skills settings) –
this is an useful guidance
specified for inspectors who are undergoing investigation. The framework
describes the key actions to take when inspecting in a school or educational
setting. This guidance is linked and should be read with the CIF (COMMON
INSPECTION FRAMEWORK). The inspectors should be professional in observing the
educational setting. (the child’s environment, the managers, the teachers, the
procedures they ensue and how they obey the legal frameworks and laws)
What to do if you’re worried that a child is being
abused (2006) – this is a
guidance specified for individuals who interface with children and young
people. It outlines the roles and actions an individual should take when he or
she has concerns about a child. It also states the principles and boundaries of
confidentiality in the event of sharing information.
NSPCC (Online Safety) – on the website, NSPCC have mentioned and guided parents to find out
different ways on how to ensure the safety of children when using the internet.
Policies and Procedures
Settings (schools) should adhere to policies and procedures to entitle
effective safeguarding and protection for children. The staff will have to
follow set responsibilities and duties. The policies will have to outline three
prime areas which are safeguarding and protecting children, e-safety and
bullying (also cyber-bullying). Schools use guidelines (stated above) to
produce policies and implement effectively. All schools and different settings
have their own specific policies and procedures they operate with. All the
policies and procedures are supposed to be clear, accurate and relevant in
stating that a child’s safety and well-being is a responsibility and necessity
for anyone who working with children.
and procedures can include:
person” is authorised and responsible for all the safeguarding issues,
concerns, decisions and implementation of actions.
required for people who work within the setting and with children.
It is the
responsibility of all practitioners to let the ISA (Independent Safeguarding
Authority) know if they have concerns about a work colleague who is causing
harm to children and is a risk for children to be around with.
Assessment (a procedure to carry before, to avoid problems such as accidents,
incidents (abuse) to arise)
when sharing information there is certain principles and boundaries to follow.
how to safeguard the children (keeping close observation, noticing signs, listening
to their concerns and inquiries)
on what to do when hazards or emergency situations (missing child, fire,
security incidents) come across (the actions to take)
(Disclosure and Barrier Service) Process, also “vetting process” – is a procedure
that is performed on individuals who are in contact with children and young
people. They are thoroughly checked (e.g. checking their criminal history) before
they are recruited.
are carried out for security of the children (e.g. CCTV Cameras, fingerprint
the privacy of the children – to know when you are allowed to take pictures or
videos of children/also including the personal space of a child (physical
contact – touching
the physical care of the children (only the designated person can perform the
physical and close activities such as changing nappies, dressing/undressing)
the use of electronic devices – when it is acceptable to use them, children
should not be allowed to access everything (restriction on certain websites),
they should know how to stay safe on the internet (e.g. passwords), and
everyone should promote e-safety).
on how will the child be collected after school timings. (picked by parents or
taken by bus) It is ensured that the visitors and parents are checked and
identified before entering the premise.
are enforced for children and young people to improve their confidence and
achieve better outcomes when making decisions or facing problems.
on how to inform concerns of a child to a named person, keeping records and how
to discuss the concerns with the parents or caretaker of the certain child.