RISK of developing thrombosis like hospitalization, surgery,

RISKOF BLOOD CLOTS IN WOMEN – PATIENT EDUCATIONBloodis the only tissue that flows throughout our body. Itcarries oxygen and nutrients to all parts of our body and removal of wasteproducts by lungs, kidneys and liver. It also plays a major role in the immunesystem, carries hormonal messages, fluid and temperature balance. All maturedblood cells (red blood corpuscles, white blood corpuscles and platelets) comefrom one type of precursor named as “stem cell”. Among hematological disorders, 100,000 deathsannually were found to be due to blood clots.

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)commonly seen in arms or leg were found to be serious blood clot, if it is nottreated the clot will burst and migrates to the lungs (pulmonary embolism)which can be life-threatening.         Generally men were more prone to thrombosis comparedto women, but in some cases like pregnancy, birth control and postmenopausalhormone therapy, women were found to have higher risks of developing thrombosis.It was found to be higher in another situation like women who have previouslyexperienced with thrombosis and had a family history of the same. In most of the cases it is difficult to identify thethrombosis due to asymptomatic conditions, so it is important to know about therisk associated with thrombosis especially in women.In both the gender, certain factors associated withrisk of developing thrombosis like hospitalization, surgery, trauma,immobility, smoking, obesity, old age and family history of clotting disorders.Symptoms like pain, swelling, skin discoloration andwarmness in touch are found with thrombosis in legs and arms.

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In case ofthrombosis in lungs leads to chest pain, shortness of breath and coughing upblood.Birth control pills which contain estrogen andprogesterone found to increase the risk of thrombosis, so safer birth controlmethods like barrier methods, spermicides, progestin implant, copperintrauterine device, progestin intrauterine device, progestin only pills, tuballigation or vasectomy are advisable. Before planning for birth control it isnecessary to inform the doctor about your clotting risks.

General Anti – Coagulant like warfarin, dabigatran,rivaroxaban, and apixaban during pregnancy are not safe in pregnancy. So it isrecommended to switch from oral anti coagulants to blood thinning medications likestandard or unfractioned heparin or low molecular weight heparin which are injectedunder the skin which does not cross the placenta or blood stream of the fetus.


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