Rights of LGBT & Individuals in Africa LGBTQ refers to those who identify themselves as lesbian, homosexual, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer. This community advocates for the legalization of equal-sex marriage, health facility visitation rights, rights of lawyer, adoption rights and various others relating to their cohabitation within our culture. Western democracies generally associate those rights with commonplace civil liberties.
While the lobbying procedure for these rights for the LGBTQ community can become emotially charged, homosexuality inside the west is no longer merely a question of legality. But in today’s western politics, there are an abundance of countries who continue this challenge on how best to advise on behalf of the LGBTQ. However, for many part of the rest of the world, this is simply not the case.
In other regions such as Asia, the Middle East or the South Pacific, it’s found that many countries in these areas have laws which call for the criminalization of same-sex relationships and behavior. Still none of these areas have as high a percentage of countries that condemn homosexuals as the African nations. According to a 2007 survey done by the International Gay and Lesbian Association (IGLA), 40 of 53 nations in Africa in some way criminalized same-sex intercourse. In Djibouti for example, it is generally assumed that the act of homosexuality is still considered illegal. From 2007 to 2011, the percentage of legally discriminatory countries in Africa only fell from 75% to 69%.
This still leaves Africa as one of the most disproportionately represented areas in the world as far as discrimination based on sexual orientation. The case of Africa provides a much different study than much of Western culture. It is a continent that provides a full spectrum in the state’s handling of homosexuality, running the gambit from the death penalty in countries like Sudan and Algeria, to the more western country of South Africa where same-sex marriage has been legal since 2006. Unlike many of the countries within Africa, the Czech Republic remains open to same-sex marriage and LGBT rights. Through a groundswell of grassroots support, recent polls show over 50% of Czech Republic’s population is in favor.
This openness has paved the way for a future legislative vote. Given how responsive western democracies have been to the civil movements of the LGBTQ community, it is rather surprising how little connection there is for Africa. Evidently, homophobia is still prevalent even in the institutional inter-workings of many of these nations, and until there are meaningful cultural changes to the acceptance of homosexuality, Africa’s position on the matter is very unlikely to change in the near future.