Researchers Sultana, Mahumud, Sarker and Hossain (2016) have noted that hand washing is a milestone of infectiousdisease control, and promotion of improved hand hygiene has been recognized asan important public health measure.
Although the techniques involved in handhygiene are simple, but compliance to these recommendations is poor worldwide. Sincethe hands pick up microorganisms in a number of ways , it is but right to have a regular hand cleaning. Infectiousdiseases are still the most common and deadly group of diseases (Ergin 2011) . Accordingto a study conducted in Turkey, annually, more than 3.5 million children underfive die from diarrhea and acute lower respiratory-tract infections. Properhand-washing would be a significant reduction in the incidence of thesediseases.
Its importance was first discoveredin a maternity clinic in Vienna in 1847. It was revealed that cleaning hands bymedical personnel reduced maternal mortality rate. Other studies have indicatedthat hand-washing prevents the spread of infectious diseases. To prove this, ameta-analysis reported that failure to washing hands increased diarrhealdiseases 1.8 times.
In addition, washing of hands can lessen the risks ofsevere intestinal infections and shigellosis up to 48% and 59%, respectively .Italso had a potential to avert a million diarrheal deaths yearly. An interventional study showedthat children younger than 15 years living in households that received hand-washingpromotion and plain soap had a 53% lower incidence of diarrhea than thecontrols. Another meta-analysis revealed that all eligible studies showed a 6.0to 44.0% reduction in respiratory diseases with the aid of proper hand-washing.Moreover, it was proven that hand hygiene educational interventions have a bigimpact on the prevention of these ailments (Entin 2012).
Currently, proper hand washing is notas widespread as required worldwide. Several reports state thatthe frequency of hand washing with soap before handling food or after using atoilet was observed in only between 0% and 34.0% cases nationwide.
To improve the situation, Center for Disease Control and Association forProfessionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology have created guidelines forhand washing. Furthermore, UNICEF has been declaring October 15 since 2008 asthe Global Hand Washing Day in order to emphasize the need of hand washing. In the localsetting, Philippines is actively promoting hand hygienewith the help of the Department of Health. The researchers wanted to investigate the hand washing awarenessof the grade 8 Theresians through conducting a survey.