• Develop a model that will control the error to achieve stability using DTC and fuzzy logic with duty ratio.
Figure 3.1 Simulink model for direct torque control of induction motor.
A Simulink model above was developed to study the performance of the conventional DTC and fuzzy controller for 4 poles induction motor to reduce the high ripple torque in the motor. After the field work experiment, the error of the torque, flux linkage and position of stator flux linkage were used in the simulation and the data generated are in table 3.1 below.
• To determine the error in the torque of the induction motor that causes vibration which lead to backlash that result in the production of less standard products.
The errors in the electromagnetic torque of the induction motor were determined using the torque ripple test apparatus.
Because we want to know the actual error in the induction motor that causes the high ripple torque in the motor.
Figure3.2Torque ripple test apparatus
An induction motor with torque ripple of 0.9N-m was connected to the shaft of the motor and with a load torque sensor that can measure the vibration or ripple of the shaft and will equally give the vibrational result of the motor then a DC voltage was supplied to the motorand observed a peak to peak torque equal to 0.9N-m. The formula for torque ripple calculation was used.
Tr = Torque ripple
Peak to peak value of the ripple = 0.9Nm, 0.15Nm
Average output of the ripple = 0.15Nm
In table 3.1 below, actual torque equal 0.15N-m, measured torque equal to 0.9N-m, error in torque is equal to 0.75N-m.
Tr = Peak – to -peak x 100
Tr = (0.9 – 0.15) x 100 = 5 ÷ 0.15 = 13.33%
• To determine the stator flux linkage error in the induction motor that also causes vibration.
The errors in the stator flux linkage of the induction motor were determined.
To help us to know the actual flux linkage error that contributed to the high ripple torque in the motor.
Figure 3.3Stator motor
The induction motor was dismantled and the flux meter was used to measure the coils in the slots of the stator of the induction motor, when the flux meter probe that have indicator at the end where it will indicate the amount of flux linkage at any instant were placed on top of the coil in the slot, it will indicate the amount of flux linkages.
At the end of the whole slot, we got approximately 170wb while the standard value is 150wb, as stated in table 3.1 below.
• To determine the position of the stator flux linkage space vector in the poles of the induction motor.
The positions of the stator flux linkage space vector were determined.
Because we want to know the position of the flux linkage in the different poles of the induction motor.
In figure 2 above, the flux meter was used to measure the flux linkages in the different poles of the electric motor, in order to know the position of the flux linkage space vector of the motor. With the measurement, we observed that the flux linkage is varies per poles in the table 3.1 below.
Table 3.1 Result obtained after the analysis
Actual value Measured value Error
Torque 0.15Nm 0.9 Nm 0.75 Nm
Flux linkage 150wb 170wb 10wb
Position of the flux linkage 0.5? 5? 4.95?