Research guideline: Research briefly on the country (aiming only at human rights in general) Very, very, basic knowledge about ChadFull name: TchadCapital: N’DjamenaGovernment: Republic Location: North Africa Neigh countries: Libya, Sudan, EgyptPopulation: 14,15 million Main Language: French, ArabsMajor religions: Islam (at 55%), Christianity (at 40%).Life expectancy: 49 (men) 52 (women)Year of UN Membership: 1960Year of Present State Formation: 1960Current UN Representative: Mahamat Zene CherifRelationships with other countries: see linkSub basic knowledge about Chad which relates to HRIIChad’s economy has expanded at an average rate of almost 5 percent over the past five years, but the volatility of economic growth has undermined economic development and poverty reduction. The weakness of the overall regulatory and legal framework hinders private-sector development. The economy relies on oil and agriculture, with the former accounting for 60 percent of export revenues.*Entrepreneurs continue to be hamstrung by institutional shortcomings. The inefficient judicial system lacks independence and is vulnerable to corruption. The state’s presence in the economy is still considerable. Despite significant fiscal adjustments in recent years, the budget remains chronically in deficit.*While many political parties are active, power lies firmly in the hands of President Déby and his political party, the Patriotic Salvation Movement. Chad remains plagued by political violence and recurrent attempted coups d’état. Chad is one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world; most inhabitants live in poverty as subsistence herders and farmers. Since 2003 crude oil has become the country’s primary source of export earnings, superseding the traditional cotton industry.Radio is the main medium, but state control of many broadcasting outlets allows few dissenting views.The only television station, Tele-Tchad, is state-owned and its coverage favours the government.Reporters Without Borders has on several occasions condemned the arrest of journalists in Chad, including the publisher of an privately-owned newspaper in October 2015.In 2016, Hissène Habré (Chad’s President from 1982 until he was deposed in 1990) was sentenced to life in prison in Senegal for crimes against humanity. Chad has also been included on Presidential Proclamation 9645, the expanded version of United States president Donald Trump’s Executive Order 13780, which restricts entry by nationals from 8 countries, including Chad, into the US. This move has angered the Chadian government. How Chad’s involved in Human rights and Chad’s current stateHow Chad’s involved in Human rights and Chad’s current stateThe most significant human rights problems were security force abuse, harsh prison conditions, and discrimination and violence against women and children. Other human rights abuses included: arbitrary killings by security forces and use of torture; arbitrary arrest and detention, incommunicado detention, and lengthy pretrial detention; denial of fair public trial; and executive influence on the judiciary. The government restricted the freedoms of speech, press, assembly, and movement. The MPS party dominated the political process, and government corruption remained a problem. Societal abuse of refugees was a problem. Child abuse, including female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) occurred, as did early and forced marriage and the sexual exploitation of children. Trafficking in persons, particularly children, was a problem. Interethnic discrimination occurred, as did discrimination against persons with disabilities; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) individuals; and persons with HIV/AIDS. Forced labor, particularly forced child labor, occurred. Any steps Chad has made to restore Human rights abusesThe government seldom took steps to prosecute or punish officials who committed abuses, whether in the security services or elsewhere in the government, and impunity was a problem. Other violating countries in Human rights Countries such as Burma,Guinea, Eritrea, libya, and North Korea have violated and are under the UN watch list for countless violations towards human rightss.